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“Mizoram is caught between a humanitarian urge and India’s policy on refugees”, explain.

Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation

3.  “Mizoram is caught between a humanitarian urge and India’s policy on refugees”, explain. (250 words)

Reference:  Economic Times

Why the question:

Following the military coup in Myanmar, at least 1,000 people from the adjoining Chin State of Myanmar are said to have crossed over to Mizoram, fearing a military crackdown. Thus the question.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss in detail the Refugee crisis facing Myanmar and posing concerns on the state of Mizoram.


Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:


Set the context of the question with some key fact related to the migration of refugees.


The answer body must have the following aspects covered:

Discuss the issue at hand first.

Explain the concerns associated; Extremism, counter-insurgency and sectarian violence have driven people out of Myanmar into India in the past as well.

Discuss the underlying reasons – Much of the border with Myanmar is without any fence. The tough terrain along the border comes in the way of maintaining airtight vigil along the border. Present the Centre-State difference in terms of policy to address the issue. The Centre’s directive is at complete odds with the State government’s stand.

The Mizoram government favors providing refuge to the Chins, who are ethnically related to the majority Mizos in the State, but the Ministry of Home Affairs has made it clear that “India is not a signatory to the 1951 UN Convention relating to the Status of Refugees and the 1967 Protocol thereon”. The Ministry has pointed out that State governments have no powers to grant “refugee status to any foreigner”.


Conclude with what needs to be done and suggest way forward.