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[Insights Secure STHIR– 2021] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 24 March 2021

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General Studies – 2


 

Topic: India and its neighborhood- relations

1. Discuss the possible ways to recalibrate the relationship between India and Taiwan. (250 words)

Reference:  The Hindu

Why the question:

The article talks about the recalibrating aspects of India-Taiwan relations.

Key Demand of the question:

One must present means and methods to recalibrate the relationship between India and Taiwan.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly discuss the background of India-Taiwan relations from past to present.

Body:

India and Taiwan do not maintain formal diplomatic relations. The areas of cooperation between India and Taiwan have been limited due to negligible political relations.

Discuss what have been the long standing concerns; discuss the challenge of One China policy, The economic exchange is still relatively insignificant. Taiwan’s share of trade with India is around 1% of its global trade etc.

Discuss the areas where India and Taiwan can deepen ties.

Discuss the hurdles before it.

Conclusion:

Conclude that policymakers need to coordinate better with the business community to help them navigate the regulatory and cultural landscape for better ties.

 

Topic: India and its neighborhood- relations

2. India’s deepened bilateral ties with Bangladesh have provided some lessons for better India- Pakistan relations. Comment. (250 words)

Reference:  Indian Express

Why the question:

The article presents the tale of two relationships; Political stability and policy continuity have helped Delhi and Dhaka deepen bilateral ties over the last decade. In contrast, political cycles in Delhi and Islamabad have rarely been in sync.

Key Demand of the question:

Compare the two relationships of India and draw lessons of India-Bangladesh that can be utilized and applied with India –pak relations.

Directive:

Comment– here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with brief background of the question’s context.

Body:

The answer body must have the following aspects covered:

  • Factors responsible for deepened India-Bangladesh relation; Political stability and rapid economic growth in Bangladesh, India’s role in multiple instances such as – creation of Bangladesh, Invested diplomatic energy into transforming bilateral relations, boundary settlement and resolving the maritime territorial dispute with Bangladesh etc.
  • Factors responsible for India’s poor relation with Pakistan; Cross-border terrorism, Lack ofpopular support in Pakistan, Politicisation of economic issues, Kashmir issue etc.
  • Suggest way forward.

Conclusion:

Underline the importance of pursuing national well-being through regional cooperation.

 

Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation

3.  “Mizoram is caught between a humanitarian urge and India’s policy on refugees”, explain. (250 words)

Reference:  Economic Times

Why the question:

Following the military coup in Myanmar, at least 1,000 people from the adjoining Chin State of Myanmar are said to have crossed over to Mizoram, fearing a military crackdown. Thus the question.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss in detail the Refugee crisis facing Myanmar and posing concerns on the state of Mizoram.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Set the context of the question with some key fact related to the migration of refugees.

Body:

The answer body must have the following aspects covered:

Discuss the issue at hand first.

Explain the concerns associated; Extremism, counter-insurgency and sectarian violence have driven people out of Myanmar into India in the past as well.

Discuss the underlying reasons – Much of the border with Myanmar is without any fence. The tough terrain along the border comes in the way of maintaining airtight vigil along the border. Present the Centre-State difference in terms of policy to address the issue. The Centre’s directive is at complete odds with the State government’s stand.

The Mizoram government favors providing refuge to the Chins, who are ethnically related to the majority Mizos in the State, but the Ministry of Home Affairs has made it clear that “India is not a signatory to the 1951 UN Convention relating to the Status of Refugees and the 1967 Protocol thereon”. The Ministry has pointed out that State governments have no powers to grant “refugee status to any foreigner”.

Conclusion:

Conclude with what needs to be done and suggest way forward.

 

Topic: GS-2: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

GS-3: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.

4. Analyze the scope of base wage policy at a time when at least half a dozen states in the country are in a rush to pass a law that reserves 75% of all jobs for locals. (250 words)

Reference:  Live Mint

Why the question:

The column from Livemint explains in what way the view that wage floors reduce jobs and don’t help workers has roundly been proven false.

Key Demand of the question:

Examine the scope of base wage policy at a time when at least half a dozen states in the country are in a rush to pass a law that reserves 75% of all jobs for locals.

Directive:

AnalyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with factual data related to states that have propounded reservations for locals.

Body:

The answer body must have the following aspects covered:

  • Issues with the policy of job reservation for locals
  • Background to the Minimum Wage
  • Discuss the Minimum Wage Policy in India
  • Arguments against raising base wage- Neo classical bogey
  • Arguments for raising the base wage

Conclusion:

Minimum Wage has to be large enough to make a material difference to workers but small enough to keep demand inelastic.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: issues relating to intellectual property rights.

5. There are many IPR issues that one faces while getting IP rights in India, in this context discuss the key issues pertaining to it and suggest solutions to address.(250 words)

Reference:  Insights on India  

Why the question:

The question is from the static portions of GS paper III , part Indian economy.

Key Demand of the question:

Account for the issues that are faced in registering IPR in India and suggest solutions to address the same.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with the definition of IPR.

Body:

There are many IPR issues that one faces while getting IP rights in India. The issues are – Patent Ever greening Prevention, Subsidies & IPR Issues, The Product Patents Process, Protecting traditional knowledge, Compulsory Licensing & Drug Price Control Order etc.

Discuss the above mentioned points in detail and suggest what needs to be done.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

6. How does water insecurity affect children? Discuss the factors that lead to water insecurity and suggest what needs to be done to address the issue. (250 words)

Reference:  Down to Earth

Why the question:

More than 155 million children in South Asia live in areas with high or even extremely high water vulnerability, Unicef.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss the factors that lead to water insecurity and suggest what needs to be done to address the issue while presenting its effect on children.

 Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Quote the report – More than 450 million or one in five children, worldwide resided in areas of high or extremely high water vulnerability, according to a new report released by the Unicef March 18, 2021.

Body:

The new report is part of UNICEF’s ‘Water security for all’ initiative that identifies areas where physical water scarcity risks overlap with poor water service levels. The initiative aims to mobilize resources, partnerships, innovation and global response to identified hot spots.

Discuss the key findings in the report related to effect on children; the dimensions must talk about – health and nutrition, inequality, Gender inequality, livelihood and future etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 

Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.

7.  Account for the key reforms needed to effectively operationalize the proposed public bad bank idea in the country. (250 words)

Reference:  Live Mint

Why the question:

The article presents a new auction design for a bad bank to achieve its goals.

Key Demand of the question:

Explain and account for key reforms needed to effectively operationalize the proposed public bad bank idea in the country.

Directive:

Account – Weigh up to what extent something is true. Persuade the reader of your argument by citing relevant research but also remember to point out any flaws and counter- arguments as well. Conclude by stating clearly how far you are in agreement with the original proposition.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with definition of a public bad bank.

Body:

The answer body must have the following aspects covered:

Issues with the proposal of Bad Bank by the government: It fell short of principles of:  Enabling fair value discovery, Crowding out private investment.

Discuss how to retain the advantages of the present scheme while fixing its drawbacks.

Conclusion:

Conclude with suitable solutions.


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