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critically analyse the underlying threats in China’s newly approved Brahmaputra mega-project.

Topic: India and its neighborhood- relations.

4. critically analyse the underlying threats in China’s newly approved Brahmaputra mega-project. (250 words)

Reference:  Times of India

Why the question:

The article talks about China’s Escalating Water War.

Key Demand of the question:

One must critically analyse the underlying threats in China’s newly approved Brahmaputra mega-project.

Directive:

Critically analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

China’s multi-pronged unconventional war against India has ranged from cyberattacks on critical infrastructure and furtive territorial encroachments to strategic information warfare and an ongoing village building drive to populate uninhabited but disputed borderlands. Water wars are a key component of such warfare because they allow China to leverage its upstream Tibet-centred power over the most essential natural resource.

Body:

The answer body must discuss the underlying threats in detail – Underlying Threats; Weaponised water as a tool of asymmetric warfare, Water as a tool of coercive diplomacy: Breaching bilateral accords, China punitively cut off the flow of hydrological data to India, which undermined downstream flood early warning systems, resulting in preventable deaths in Assam. Misinformation/Ignorance in India: View that the Brahmaputra collects larger share of its water in India, which is only true for four monsoon months. Threats to unique hydrology and biodiversity, Ticking water bomb on downstream communities, Religious concerns etc.

 Conclusion:

Suggest what needs to be done and conclude.