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Haryana’s legislation that mandates reservation to locals in private jobs opens up debates on the growing job crunch, threats of sub-nationalism and a diminishing role of states in the job creation matrix. Critically analyse.

Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

2. Haryana’s legislation that mandates reservation to locals in private jobs opens up debates on the growing job crunch, threats of sub-nationalism and a diminishing role of states in the job creation matrix. Critically analyse. (250 words)

Reference:  The Hindu

Why the question:

The question is based on the premise of job reservations for the locals and the questions arising thereof.

Key Demand of the question:

One must discuss in what way the Haryana’s legislation opens up debates on the growing job crunch, threats of sub-nationalism and a diminishing role of states in the job creation matrix.

Directive:

Critically analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with brief narration of the context of the question.

Body:

The Haryana government has recently passed legislation that mandates companies in Haryana to provide jobs to local Haryanvis first, before hiring people from outside the State.

Explain first the root causes for Haryana legislation – Political factors, Economic factors, Social Progress, Provision of infrastructure etc.

Explain the factors that control the Jobs. And then discuss the concerns associated in detail.

Conclusion:

There is a need for instituting a level playing field much greater fiscal freedom provided to the States; otherwise, the potent combination of widening inter-­State inequality, a ‘rich States get richer’ economic development model, may fuel nativist sub nationalism in other states too.

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