Print Friendly, PDF & Email


InstaLinks help you think beyond the issue but relevant to the issue from UPSC prelims and Mains exam point of view. These linkages provided in this ‘hint’ format help you frame possible questions in your mind that might arise(or an examiner might imagine) from each current event. InstaLinks also connect every issue to their static or theoretical background. This helps you study a topic holistically and add new dimensions to every current event to help you think analytically. 


current affairs, current events, current gk, insights ias current affairs, upsc ias current affairs

Table of Contents:

GS Paper 1:

1. City Innovation Exchange (CiX).

2. North East Cane and Bamboo Development Council (NECBDC).


GS Paper 2:

1. Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB).


GS Paper 3:

1. PSLV-C51 launch.

2. Technical Education Quality Improvement Programme (TEQIP).

3. National Science Day.

4. Study on snow leopard in Himachal Pradesh.


Facts for Prelims:

1. Australia’s Oldest Aboriginal rock art.

2. Centre of Excellence in gaming.

3. khujli ghar.

4. Jal Shakti Abhiyan ‘catch the rain’.

5. Bir Chilarai.


GS Paper  :  1


Topics Covered: Population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.

City Innovation Exchange (CiX):


The Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs has launched a City Innovation Exchange (CiX).

What is it?

  1. The CiX will connect cities to innovators across the national ecosystem to design innovative solutions for their pressing challenges.
  2. The platform will ease the discovery, design & validation of solutions through a robust, transparent and user-centric process that will reduce barriers for innovators and cities to discover fitting solutions.
  3. Built on the concept of ‘open innovation’, the platform will help in the flow of ideas ‘outside in and inside out, enhancing the skills and capacity required to deliver smart urban governance.

Significance of the platform:

  • The platform brings together Citizens-Organisations -Academic Businesses-Government to co-create solutions for the future of Urban India.
  • The platform will help cities in adopting solutions that will enhance the quality of life for their residents. Moreover, it will significantly improve the Ease of Doing Business.
  • It will also be a significant addition to the growing innovation ecosystem of India as it focuses on fostering innovative practices in cities.


Prelims Link:

  1. About CiX.
  2. Objectives.
  3. Features.
  4. About Smart Cities Mission.

Mains Link:

Discuss the challenges involved in the implementation of the Smart Cities Mission.

Sources: PIB.


Topics Covered: Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent); factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India).

North East Cane and Bamboo Development Council (NECBDC):


The Union Territory of Jammu & Kashmir will set up three Bamboo Clusters through technical knowhow and collaboration from North East Cane and Bamboo Development Council (NECBDC).

  • Each of the three clusters will be devoted to the production of Agarbatti, baskets and charcoal respectively.


Formerly known as ‘Cane and Bamboo Development Council’ (CBDC), NECBDC was incorporated with the objective of organizing the hitherto untapped bamboo sector of North East India.

‘Cane and Bamboo’ in J&K:

  • Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir has huge Bamboo reserves that can boost its economy in future.
  • Bamboo cultivation can revolutionise the industry in Jammu and Kashmir in a cost-effective manner and can open new gates for the young start-ups.
  • The UT Govt. is in the process of identifying 100 venues and will identify the programs to be held there in the first phase.

National Bamboo Mission (NBM):

The mission was launched in April 2018.

It aims to-increase area under bamboo cultivation and also adopting region based strategies to promote bamboo products.

  • The NBM envisages promoting holistic growth of bamboo sector by adopting area-based, regionally differentiated strategy and to increase the area under bamboo cultivation and marketing.
  • The NBM will be a sub-scheme of National Mission on Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA) under the umbrella scheme Krishonnati Yojana.


Prelims Link:

  1. Bamboo Cultivation in India.
  2. Key Bamboo growing states.
  3. Climatic conditions.
  4. About NBM.
  5. About NECBDC.

Sources: PIB.


GS Paper  :  2


Topics Covered: Important International institutions, agencies and fora, their structure, mandate.

Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB):


Centre signs $304 million pact with AIIB for power transmission network in Assam.

  • The fund will be utilised for the ‘Assam Intra-State Transmission System Enhancement Project’, aiming to improve reliability, capacity and security of the power transmission network in the state.

What is AIIB?

Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) is a multilateral development bank with a mission to improve social and economic outcomes in Asia and beyond.

The Parties (57 founding members) to agreement comprise the Membership of the Bank.

  • It is headquartered in Beijing.
  • It commenced operations in January 2016.


By investing in sustainable infrastructure and other productive sectors today, it aims to connect people, services and markets that over time will impact the lives of billions and build a better future.


  • There are more than 100 members now.
  • Fourteen of the G-20 nations are AIIB members including France, Germany, Italy and the United Kingdom.

Voting Rights:

  • China is the largest shareholder with 26.61 % voting shares in the bank followed by India (7.6%), Russia (6.01%) and Germany (4.2 %).
  • The regional members hold 75% of the total voting power in the Bank.

Various organs of AIIB:

Board of Governors: The Board of Governors consists of one Governor and one Alternate Governor appointed by each member country. Governors and Alternate Governors serve at the pleasure of the appointing member.

Board of Directors: Non-resident Board of Directors is responsible for the direction of the Bank’s general operations, exercising all powers delegated to it by the Board of Governors.

International Advisory Panel: The Bank has established an International Advisory Panel (IAP) to support the President and Senior Management on the Bank’s strategies and policies as well as on general operational issues.


Prelims Link:

  1. AIIB vs ADB vs WB.
  2. Members of AIIB.
  3. Top shareholders.
  4. Voting powers.
  5. AIIB supported projects in India.

Mains Link:

Write a note on the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB).

Sources: the Hindu.


GS Paper  :  3


Topics Covered: Awareness in Space.

PSLV-C51 launch:


PSLV-C51 was successfully launched by ISRO recently.

  • This was the 53rd flight of ISRO’s launch vehicle and the first dedicated mission of its commercial arm, NewSpace India Ltd.
  • The mission was undertaken under a commercial arrangement with Spaceflight Inc., U.S.

Satellites onboard:

It carried 19 satellites (Including Brazil’s optical earth observation satellite, Amazonia-1, and 18 co-passenger satellites — five from India and 13 from the U.S.).

  • Amazonia-1 is the first fully Brazilian-made satellite, which would help to monitor the Amazon forests.
  • The Amazonia-1 was injected into its precise orbit of 758 km in a sun-synchronous polar orbit.

The satellites from India are:

  1. The Satish Dhawan SAT (SDSAT) built by Space Kidz India. It has an engraving of Prime Minister Narendra Modi on the top panel.
  2. A nano-satellite intended to study the radiation levels, space weather and demonstrate long-range communication technologies.
  3. The UNITYsat, a combination of three satellites for providing radio relay services.
  4. Another satellite belonging to the DRDO.

The Bhagavad Gita was also sent on board an SD card to give the scripture, which teaches oneness as the highest form of humanity, the highest honour.


What is PSLV?

  • Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle is an indigenously-developed expendable launch system of the ISRO.
  • It comes in the category of medium-lift launchers with a reach up to various orbits, including the Geo Synchronous Transfer Orbit, Lower Earth Orbit, and Polar Sun Synchronous Orbit.
  • All the operations of PSLV are controlled from the Satish Dhawan Space Center, Sriharikota.

Difference between PSLV and GSLV:

  • India has two operational launchers- Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) and Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV).
  • PSLV was developed to launch low-Earth Orbit satellites into polar and sun synchronous orbits. It has since proved its versatility by launching geosynchronous, lunar and interplanetary spacecraft successfully.
  • On the other hand, GSLV was developed to launch the heavier INSAT class of geosynchronous satellites into orbit. In its third and final stage, GSLV uses the indigenously developed cryogenic upper stage.


Prelims Link:

  1. What is a geostationary orbit?
  2. What is a geosynchronous orbit?
  3. What is a polar orbit?
  4. What is a transfer orbit?
  5. About PSLV.
  6. About Amazonia 1.

Mains Link:

What are communication satellites? Discuss their significance for India.

Sources: the Hindu.


Topics Covered: Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.

Technical Education Quality Improvement Programme (TEQIP):


TEQIP [Technical Education Quality Improvement Programme] is coming to an end in March, leaving more than 1,200 assistant professors out of a job and some rural colleges bereft of half their faculty.

What next?

The Centre is preparing its own MERITE project with some similar objectives to improve technical education, but that may be too late for the faculty employed under the current project.

About TEQIP:

  • In the year 2002, the ministry of Human Resource and Development launched the TEQIP scheme.
  • The project commenced with the World Bank assistance.
  • The programme aims to overhaul the quality of technical education in the Low Income States and Special Category States (SCS) in India.

The measures include:

Institution based: accreditation of the courses through NBA, governance reforms, improving the processes, digital initiatives, securing autonomy for the colleges.

Student based: improving the quality of teaching, teacher training, equipping the class rooms, revision of syllabus, industry interaction, compulsory internships for students, training the students in industry-relevant skills, preparing them for the GATE exam etc.


Prelims Link:

  1. About TEQIP.
  2. Implementation.
  3. Features of the project.

Mains Link:

Discuss the basic objectives and significance of the project.

Sources: the Hindu.


Topics Covered: Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.

National Science Day:


28th February is celebrated as National Science Day (NSD) in India.

NSD is celebrated to commemorate discovery of the ‘Raman Effect’, which led to Sir C.V. Raman winning the Noble Prize.

  • The first National Science Day was celebrated on February 28, 1987.

Theme: “Future of STI: Impacts on Education, Skills, and Work”.

What is Raman Effect?

A phenomenon in spectroscopy discovered by the eminent physicist Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman in 1928.

Raman Effect is a change in the wavelength of light that occurs when a light beam is deflected by molecules.

  1. When a beam of light traverses a dust-free, transparent sample of a chemical compound, a small fraction of the light emerges in directions other than that of the incident (incoming) beam.
  2. Most of this scattered light is of unchanged wavelength. A small part, however, has wavelengths different from that of the incident light; its presence is a result of the Raman Effect.


Sources: the Hindu.


Topics Covered: Conservation related issues.

Study on snow leopard in Himachal Pradesh:


Himachal Pradesh’s high-altitude hilly terrains could be harbouring as many as 73 snow leopards (Panthera uncia), says a recent study based on a scientific enumeration of the elusive animal.


The snow leopard inhabits the higher Himalayan and trans-Himalayan landscape in the five states of Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Sikkim, and Arunachal Pradesh.

  • In Himachal Pradesh, the snow leopard’s habitat covers a greater part of the districts of Lahaul-Spiti and Kinnaur.
  • Its potential habitat also extends into the upper regions of the districts of Shimla, Kullu, Chamba and Kangra.

Most of these areas are remote, with the added challenge of limited accessibility during winter.

Suggestions made by the study:

Local communities are the strongest allies in conservation, if their concerns can be factored into conservation planning.

Snow Leopard conservation in India:

  • India has been conserving snow leopard and its habitat through the Project Snow Leopard (PSL).
  • India is also party to the Global Snow Leopard and Ecosystem Protection (GSLEP) Programme since 2013.
  • For conservation, India has identified three large landscapes, namely, Hemis-Spiti across Ladakh and Himachal Pradesh; Nanda Devi – Gangotri in Uttarakhand; and Khangchendzonga – Tawang across Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh.
  • Project Snow Leopard (PSL) was launched in 2009 to promote an inclusive and participatory approach to conserve snow leopards and their habitat.
  • Snow Leopard is in the list of 21 critically endangered species for the recovery programme of the Ministry of Environment Forest & Climate Change.


  • Snow leopards are categorized as ‘Vulnerable’ by IUCN and in the Schedule I of the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act 1972.
  • They are listed in Appendix I of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) and the Convention on Migratory Species (CMS), revealing the need for the highest conservation status to the species, both globally and in India.

Conservation efforts launched by India are:

  1. Project Snow Leopard (PSL) : It promotes an inclusive and participatory approach to conservation that fully involves local communities.
  2. SECURE Himalaya: Global Environment Facility (GEF)-United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) funded the project on conservation of high-altitude biodiversity and reducing the dependency of local communities on the natural ecosystem. This project is now operational in four snow leopard range states, namely, Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, and Sikkim.


Prelims Link:

  1. IUCN Conservation status of snow leopard.
  2. About Project Snow Leopard.
  3. Snow Leopards in India- distribution and conservation centres.
  4. About GSLEP.
  5. About Bishkek declaration.

Sources: the Hindu.


Facts for Prelims:

Australia’s Oldest Aboriginal rock art:

  • A kangaroo painting created over 17,000 years ago by Aboriginal artists has been identified — with a little help from some ancient wasps — as Australia’s oldest intact rock art.
  • The two-metre-long (six-feet) artwork on the sloped ceiling of a rock shelter in Western Australia’s Kimberley region was painted in an early naturalistic style, which often features life-sized renderings of animals.


Centre of Excellence in gaming:

The Ministry of Information and Broadcasting in collaboration with IIT Bombay has decided to form a Centre of Excellence in gaming and other related areas.

khujli ghar:

  • It is a cramped, triangular cage made from the logs of an indigenous tree that irritates the skin.
  • It is a a traditional form of punishment that seeks to check crime.
  • Some villages in Nagaland are trying to revive this form of punishment.
  • Such itchy cages are referred to as khujli ghar in Nagamese. But each Naga community has its own name. The Aos, one of the major tribes of Nagaland, call it Shi-ki that means flesh-house.
  • The cage is usually placed at a central spot in the village, usually in front of the morung, or bachelor’s dormitory, for the inmate to be in full public view.
  • The cage is made of the logs of Masang-fung, a local tree that people avoid because of the irritation it causes. It does not affect the palm but people who make the cages have to be careful.


Jal Shakti Abhiyan ‘catch the rain’:

To be initiated by the Jal Shakti Ministry.

It will be a 100-day campaign for the sake of cleaning up the water sources around us and conserving rainwater.

Bir Chilarai:

  • Bir Chilarai (1510 – 1571 CE) was a brave warrior and general of the Assamese Koch royal dynasty.
  • He was the younger brother of Nara Narayan, the king of the Kamata Kingdom.

  • Join our Official Telegram Channel HERE for Motivation and Fast Updates
  • Subscribe to our YouTube Channel HERE to watch Motivational and New analysis videos