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Analyze the government initiatives to reduce India’s energy import dependence in the backdrop of recent rise in the petroleum and oil prices also suggest measures for the same.

Topic: Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

5. Analyze the government initiatives to reduce India’s energy import dependence in the backdrop of recent rise in the petroleum and oil prices also suggest measures for the same. (250 words)

Reference:  The HinduIndian Express

Why the question:

Speaking on the increase in petrol and diesel prices, Prime Minister had emphasized the need to reduce India’s energy import dependence and the need to adopt cleaner sources of energy.

Key Demand of the question:

Analyze the government initiatives to reduce India’s energy import dependence.

Directive:

AnalyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Explain facts of India’s energy import dependence.

Body:

Briefly explain India’s energy import dependence with some facts.

Then move on to explain the government initiatives in this directions such as – The formulation of fuel efficiency standards for passenger vehicles was one of the earliest measures in this direction. It aimed to reduce fuel consumption by the vehicles while also ensuring lesser pollution.

Heavy-duty vehicles, which consume nearly 60% of the diesel used in the country, are also now subject to fuel efficiency standards.

Talk about National Electric Mobility Mission Plan, FAME scheme, alternate fuels etc.

Suggest the gaps in the efforts.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.