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Why did the Salt Law become a focus of protest? Discuss the significance of Dandi march in the Indian national movement for independence.

Topic: The Freedom Struggle — its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country.

1. Why did the Salt Law become a focus of protest? Discuss the significance of Dandi march in the Indian national movement for independence. (250 words)

Reference: Hindustan Times

Why the question:

Spread over a 15-acre land and located in the coastal town of Dandi, where the Salt March ended on 6 April 1930 and the British salt monopoly was broken, the ‘National Salt Satyagraha Memorial’, Dandi, Gujarat, is conceived. Thus the question.

Key Demand of the question:

Student must explain significance of Dandi march in the Indian national movement for independence and the reason for which Salt Law become a focus of protest.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with brief introduction on the salt law and its background.

Body:

Explain – The 1882 Salt Act gave the British a monopoly on the collection and manufacture of salt, levying a tax in the process. The violation of this act was a criminal offense. Even though salt was freely available to those living on the coast, Indians were forced to buy it from the colonial government

Gandhi provided sound reasons for his decisions, however. He reasoned that an item of daily use would resonate better with citizens of all classes than a broad demand for greater political rights. Since the salt tax accounted for more than 8.2 % of the British Raj tax revenue and hurt the poorest Indians the most significantly. He reasoned that this would hurt the British even more significantly.

Then explain the significance of Dandi March.

Conclusion:

Conclude with its impact and significance even as of today in the modern history of India.