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The Bhakti movement which influenced large number of people during 14th-17th centuries in North India emerged due to a number of political, socio-economic and religious factors. Discuss.

Topic:  Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

2. The Bhakti movement which influenced large number of people during 14th-17th centuries in North India emerged due to a number of political, socio-economic and religious factors. Discuss. (250 words)

Reference: Indian art and culture by Nitin Singhania.

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the causes for the rise Bhakti movement in India.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by describing the Bhakti movement and its features in brief.

Body:

In detail write about the political, socio-economic and religious factors responsible for the emergence of Bhakti movement.

Political – Turkish conquests, growth of non-conformist movement, declining power of the Rajput-Brahman alliance etc.

Socio-economic – against caste system, gender discrimination, against feudal oppression, growing classes of urban artisans, growth of towns, urban crafts production and expansion of markets etc.

Religious – Brahmanical hegemony. Emphasis of rituals, prevalence of superstition and against orthodox practices etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing about the importance of Bhakti movement.