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As the pace of globalisation, digitisation and connectivity accelerates, balancing civil liberties with security concerns will become an increasingly difficult task. Governments, will have to create modern, independent institutions that have the authority and expertise to create frameworks that meet these challenges, without falling back on measures that result in state overreach. Discuss.

Topic:  Indian Constitution—historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.

3. As the pace of globalisation, digitisation and connectivity accelerates, balancing civil liberties with security concerns will become an increasingly difficult task. Governments, will have to create modern, independent institutions that have the authority and expertise to create frameworks that meet these challenges, without falling back on measures that result in state overreach. Discuss. (250 words)

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

Indian Constitution—historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about balancing civil liberties of people and the security concerns of the state in the digital age.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin by writing about the increasing resort of the government to internet shutdowns to uphold law and order.

Body:

Cite facts related to instances of internet shutdown and draw comparison to other countries.

Mention the reasons why the suspension of internet becomes a necessity – breakdown of law and order, threat to security, polarization, fake news, attempts to disrupt communal harmony etc.

Bring out the impact of frequent suspensions. Right to access the Internet being a fundamental right, breed deep-rooted societal difficulties, hamper pandemic related work, freeze economic activity, effect on emergency response and relief system etc.

Write about creating new institutions and making the existing systems more robust to handle the above mentioned threats rather than resorting to shutdowns.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward which emphasizes that shutdowns must be an exception.

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