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Myanmar, which started a fragile transition to democracy 10 years ago after decades of brutal military dictatorship, is back in the hands of the Generals. Analyze the impact of the recent Coup. What should be India’s response?

Topic:  India and its neighborhood- relations.

3. Myanmar, which started a fragile transition to democracy 10 years ago after decades of brutal military dictatorship, is back in the hands of the Generals. Analyze the impact of the recent Coup. What should be India’s response? (250 words)

Reference: The HinduThe Hindu 

Why the question:

On Monday, hours before the new Parliament was to convene, the Generals moved into action. They detained State Counsellor Suu Kyi, President Win Myint and other top leaders of the NLD. They declared a state of emergency for a year, and took power in their hands.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the impact of recent military coup in Myanmar and suggest India’s response to that.

Directive:

Analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin by giving context of the recent Coup of overthrowing democratically elected Parliament and establishing military dictatorship.

Body:

In the first part, trace the historic developments in Nepal. The New constitutuion of 2008, subsequent release of Aung San Suu Kyi, subsequent elections and a fragile balance between the civilian and military leadership in Myanmar.

Next, write about the impact of the recent coup. Declared state of an emergency, threat of sanctions from the U.S, role of China and the benefits it can accrue from this, India’s security relationship with the Myanmar military, further stalemate on Rohingya issue etc.

Finally, write about what should be the possible India’s response to this. Considering the new geopolitical realities, emphasis on restoring the democratically parliament and popular leadership, maintaining its existing strategic interests despite the turmoil and denying China a monopoly on Myanmar’s infrastructure and resources etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

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