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Lala Lajpat Rai

Topics Covered: Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues.

Lala Lajpat Rai:


Remembering the great Lala Lajpat Rai Ji on his Jayanti.


His contributions, achievements and related key facts:

  1. Rai is remembered for his role during the Swadeshi movement and for his advocacy of education.
  2. He became a follower of Dayanand Saraswati, the founder of Arya Samaj and went on to become one of the society’s leaders.
  3. He also helped found the Punjab National Bank.
  4. In 1885, Rai established the Dayanand Anglo-Vedic School in Lahore and remained a committed educationist throughout his life.
  5. Rai, Tilak, and Bipin Chandra Pal (called Lal-Bal-Pal) fervently advocated the use of Swadeshi goods and mass agitation in the aftermath of the controversial Partition of Bengal in 1905 by Lord Curzon.
  6. He founded the Indian Home Rule League of America in New York City in 1917.
  7. He was elected President of the Indian National Congress during its Special Session in Kolkata in 1920, which saw the launch of Mahatma Gandhi’s Non-cooperation Movement.
  8. The patriot died at Lahore in 1928 after he was attacked by police during a protest rally against the Simon Commission.
  9. His important works include: ‘The Arya Samaj’, ‘Young India’, ‘England’s Debt to India’, ‘Evolution of Japan’, ‘India’s Will to Freedom’, ‘Message of the Bhagwad Gita’, ‘Political Future of India’, ‘Problem of National Education in India’, ‘The Depressed Glasses’, and the travelogue ‘United States of America’.


Prelims Link:

  1. Who was the Viceroy of India when the partition of Bengal took place?
  2. Objectives of Swadeshi movement.
  3. Key contributions of Lal Bal pal.
  4. Important literary works of Lala Lajpat Rai.

Mains Link:

Discuss the key contributions of Lal Bal Pal to India’s freedom struggle.

Sources: PIB.