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In 1975 our democracy was challenged. Lessons were learnt, various checks and balances were put in place to prevent another such ‘emergency’ from happening. Comment.

Topic:  Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues;

2. In 1975 our democracy was challenged. Lessons were learnt, various checks and balances were put in place to prevent another such ‘emergency’ from happening. Comment. (250 words)

Reference: India’s Since Independence by Bipan Chandra.

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the various checks and balances that were incorporated after the Emergency period.

Directive:

Comment- here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Narrate briefly the historical background and situation of emergency imposed in 1975.

Body:

Emergency was the biggest blot on Indian democracy was imposed on the people. The internal emergency which was proclaimed by then congress government including suspension of fundamental rights is considered one of the most traumatic periods for the fledgling democracy. This time period is also seen as the coming of the age of the Indian democracy. But, later the Indian parliament passed amendments to the constitution, the 44th amendment, to ensure that the future governments will not find it easy to impose another emergency in the country. 

Explain the ills of such an undemocratic act. Discuss how it led to transformative changes in the system like – gave the beginning of the end of dominance by a single political party at the centre in India.

The Emergency propelled several political leaders long in political wilderness straight into office, and introduced the idea of an ‘opposition’ leader in the ruling structure. An enduring lesson India’s political classes imbibed silently was on the importance of keeping control over state media and the retention of the Emergency clause in the Constitution.

Conclusion:

Conclude that India has now become a more mature democracy; however democracy is always a work in progress.