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From the second half of nineteenth century, it was not only a struggle between the colonial power and the Indian states but also there was struggle among the Indian powers themselves to establish political supremacy. Examine.

Topic:  Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues;

1. From the second half of nineteenth century, it was not only a struggle between the colonial power and the Indian states but also there was struggle among the Indian powers themselves to establish political supremacy. Examine. (250 words)

Reference: A Brief History of Modern India by Spectrum Publishers

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the power struggle for supremacy between British and India regional powers are the collapse of the Mughal Empire.

Directive:

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin by describing the nature of political set up in the second half of the eighteenth century.

Body:

You can use a simple and illustrative map of India to show the various powers in India during the second half of nineteenth century.

Elaborate up on the various struggles between the British East India Company and the regional powers of India. Plassey, Buxar, Anglo-Mysore, Angle-Maratha, Anglo-Punjab etc.

Next, mention how there existed power strudel between various regional powers in India for political supremacy. In this context, bring out clashes of Marathas with Mysore, Marathas and Nizam, Nizam and Mysore, Marathas and Punjab etc. Elaborate how British used one regional power against another for their benefit.

Conclusion:

Conclude with the impact caused by the above.

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