Print Friendly, PDF & Email

[Insights Secure STHIR– 2021] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 18 January 2021

Click on EACH question to post/upload you answers.

How to Follow Secure Initiative?

How to Self-evaluate your answer? 

STHIR – 2021: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

Join IPM 3.0 to get an assured review of 2 secure answers everyday

 


General Studies – 1


 

Topic:  Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues;

1. In the Civil Disobedience Movement, the Gandhian strategy of Struggle-Truce-Struggle was clearly and out rightly manifested. But did the strategy delay India’s independence? Critically Analyse. (250 words)

Reference: India’s Struggle for Independence by Bipan Chandra.

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1.

Key Demand of the question:

To analyse and determine if the Gandhian strategy of S-T-S delayed independence.

Directive:

Critically analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Being by describing the Struggle-Truce-Struggle strategy of Gandhi.

Body:

In the first part, link how S-T-S was used during the CDM and the reasons therefore. Mention about inherent limitations of masses, need for the truce, advantages it gives and how truce not necessarily means surrender etc.

In the next part, analyse how some contemporary nationalists and historians accuse S-T-S strategy as reason for delayed freedom. But state reasons that S-T-S was tactical choice in a prolonged freedom struggle and give reasons as to how it did not delay freedom.

Conclusion:

Conclude by passing a balanced judgment regarding the S-T-S strategy and its role in India’s independence.

 

Topic:  Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues;

2. Account for the rise of socialism and its popularity among the Indian nationalists in 1920’s and 1930’s. What different dimensions were added to the national movement after it? (250 words)

Reference: India’s Struggle for Independence by Bipan Chandra.

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1.

Key Demand of the question:

To give reasons for rise and popularity of socialism among the Indian Nationalists and its impact on the national movement.

Directive:

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin the giving context regarding the rise and subsequent popularity of socialist ideals and ideology socialism among the Indian Nationalists.

Body:

In the first part of the body, write about the detailed reasons therefore. Mention about Bolshevik revolution, ideals of socialism, exploitation faced under Britain, Initial success of Soviet Economy, Economic situation in India, Influence of Mahatma Gandhi etc.

In the next part, mention about the impact of socialism on the National movement. Mention the changes it brought, impact on peasant and worker issues, on revolutionary nationalists, on important leaders within congress, on leaders and organization outside congress, formation of CPI and Economic programme etc.

Conclusion:

Summarize the overall legacy that socialism left on the national movement and the newly independent India.

 

Topic:  Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.

3. Women’s labour force participation in India is continuously on a declining trend and is a cause for concern in achieving India’s developmental aspirations. Analyze the reasons for the decline and suggest measures to improve the condition. (250 words)

Reference: Live Mint

Why the question:

women’s labour force participation in India has declined continuously and Economists and sociologists have offered several explanations for the decline. This article captures the reasons there for.

Key Demand of the question:

To analyse the reasons for the decline of participation of women as part of labour force and suggest measures to improve the same.

Directive:

Analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by the mentioning the fact from NSSO data on Women’s labour force participation in India.

Body:

In the body, The declining women’s labor force participation, gender pay gap, high rates of informal work with lack of social security are seen as impediments to the goal of gender equality and empowerment of women in India. Stereotypes, lower wage rate, decline in the number of women in the workforce is accounted for mainly by rural women, which can be attributed to the dwindling agricultural sector etc.

In the next part, mention how the above hinder the developmental aspiration of India in achieving gender equality and sustainable development goals. Substantiate with facts from India’s performance of Global Gender Gap or any other relevant reports.

In the last part, List down the measures being taken by the govt. to address these challenges. Suggest measures to further improve them.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic:  Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.

4. Privacy of citizens is too important to be left to the business practices of digital companies and hence it is pertinent that a strong data protection law has to be enacted at the earliest to safeguard the fundamental right to Privacy of the citizens. Comment. (250 words)

Reference: The Hindu 

Why the question:

One of the most used applications in the world, WhatsApp is currently under fire from a section of its users over its impending new privacy feature. After putting off the supposed rolling out of the feature by three months and publishing full-page advertisements in Indian newspapers.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the need for a strong data protection law amidst various challenges of data collection and privacy.

Directive:

Comment– here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start the answer by giving the context of recent issues of WhatsApp as well as overall concerns with data collection by companies.

Body:

Firstly, mention the various issues that arise by data collection by companies especially the technological giants. Violation of privacy, misuse of data, targeted campaigns, attempts at influencing elections which. Give examples such as Cambridge Analytica etc. to substantiate your points.

Next, argue how the need of the hour is to enact a strong data protection law. In brief, mention the draft bill in the domain and its features. Suggest further features which will make the data protection more robust and safeguard the privacy of the users like that of GDPR rules of the European Union.

Conclusion:

Stress upon the need of protecting the fundamental rights of the citizens as well prevent any serious ramifications of data misuse.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.

5. Explain the paradox of the continuing financial market boom with the real economy going through a stagnation. Mention the precautions India must take prevent possibilities of a sudden collapse of confidence in the financial sector. (250 words)

Reference: Business StandardThe Hindu 

Why the question:

With the impact of COvid-19 the real economy has declined to historical lows rendering the economy stagnant but the financial sector has boomed despite that stock markets have soared causing a paradox.

Key Demand of the question:

To explain the reasons for a booming financial markets despite a stagnant economy and precautions that the government should take to prevent a collapse.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by explain the paradox of booming share markets despite the stagnant economy. Give relevant stats and figures vis-à-vis both as a comparison.

Body:

In the first part, mention the possible explanations for the paradox. Circuit of financial flows, capital gains, expansionary policies, market confidence, evolving pattern of the alliances between finance and the ruling state and pro-finance stance of the state etc.

Mention the steps that the states should proactively take in order to prevent the collapse of confidence in the market in order to prevent a crisis in the future.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic:  Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators;

6. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.’s ideas and his movement have enduring appeal, including in India. Discuss. (150 words)

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

As Americans celebrate Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.’s life in the U.S., it is befitting to reflect on his lasting legacy in India too, focusing particularly on the ideas he articulated and the movement he led, which have enduring and universal appeal.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about how the ideas and ideal of the Dr. Martin Luther King Jr still have an impact in India and across the world.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Write a brief intro about Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.

Body:

In the body write in detail about the Civil Rights Movements of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr and the influence of Mahatma Gandhi on him.

Mention about how the ideals of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr are still relevant in the todays worlds especially in the backdrop of black lives matter movement of America, the rights issue acorss the world such as women rights, minority rights, LGBTQI+ rights etc.

In India, write on the growing issues of Dalit, tribal and minority communities and how the Dr. Martin Luther King Jr advocating equitable rights applies to them.

Conclusion:

Summarize the overall legacy of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.

 

Topic:  ethical issues in international relations and funding;

7. International Morality acts as a factor of limitation on international relations as it acts as a limitation on National Power. Examine. (150 words)

Reference: Ethics by Lexicon publications.

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4.

Key Demand of the question:

To examine as to how morality acts a check on international relations by being a check on national power.

Directive:

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin with definition of international morality.

Body:

International Morality consists of moral principles which are endorsed by a number of nations. The rules of customary International Law reflect International Morality. One of the major sources and sanctions of International Law has been International Morality.

Explain that the behaviour of states is regulated by International Law and International Morality, the former as the legal code and the latter as the moral code. Both these codes constitute important and valuable limitations on the national power of each state and, as such, perform the essential function of maintaining order in international relations.

Discuss its relevance in international politics.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.


  • Join our Official Telegram Channel HERE for Motivation and Fast Updates
  • Subscribe to our YouTube Channel HERE to watch Motivational and New analysis videos