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Explain the nature of non-cooperation movement which was observed across India. Why the non-cooperation was called off and what were its impact?

Topic:  Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues;

1. Explain the nature of non-cooperation movement which was observed across India. Why the non-cooperation was called off and what were its impact? (250 words)

Reference: India’s Struggle for Independence by Bipan Chandra.

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1.

Key Demand of the question:

To explain in detail as to how non-cooperation movement manifested across India and to reasons for its withdrawal.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Write in brief about non-cooperation movement and the context it was launched in. 

Body:

Non-cooperation included, the surrender of titles and honours, boycott of government affiliated schools and colleges, law courts, foreign cloth, and could be extended to include resignation from government service, non-payment of taxes. National schools and colleges were to be set up, panchayats were to be established for settling disputes, hand-spinning and weaving was to be encouraged and people were asked to maintain Hindu-Muslim unity, give up untouchability and observe strict non-violence.

Mention how the above manifested in various parts of India such a Bombay, Bengal, U.P, Andhra, Assam and Punjab etc.

Then give out the reasons for withdrawal of NCM, first mention about certain theories which wrongly criticizes Gandhi as trying protecting the interests of Zamindars. The write about the actual reason, that is, Chauri-Chaura incident and the anticipation of huge repression from the government which made Gandhi call the movement off.

Mention the reaction of the nationalists and the impact of abrupt shut down in contemporary politics of the national movement.

 Conclusion:

Write about the significance of the movement despite it sudden withdrawal