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RSTV: COVID19: INDIA FIGHTS BACK- PM E-VIDYA: DIGITAL EDUCATION

RSTV


Introduction:

PM e-Vidya scheme which has been launched for multi-mode access to digital/ online education. Under the PM e-Vidya programme, there will be 12 DTH channels introduced, with one each dedicated to classes 1 to 12.

E- Vidya:

  • The main objective of PM eVidya program is to educate students through digital platforms so that the education of students does not suffer due to nationwide lockdown.
  • These top 100 universities of the country have allowed starting online education as everyone does not have access to the internet so Swayam Prabha DTH channel was announced. A program for multi-mode access to digital/online education will also be launched under PM eVidya program.
  • The government is set to launch 12 more channel. The PM eVidya program will also consist of ‘Diksha’ involving e-content and QR coded energized book for all the classes and will be called as ‘one nation, one digital platform’.
  • A TV channel called ‘one class, one channel’ will also be launched for class 1st to 12th. The government have also decided to do radio podcast and special e-content for visually and hearing-impaired students. The government will take all these efforts to ensure the education of student does not suffer due to nationwide lockdown.
  • The benefits of PM eVidya Program as launched by the Government of India are as follows:
    • Students will get education sitting at home
    • It will be a one-stop solution for all learning needs of students
    • Special radio podcast will arrange for visually and hearing-impaired students
    • Students can study through e-content
    • Dedicated channel for education on tv  will help students who do not have access to internet
  • A special type of e-content will be provided for visually and hearing-impaired students
  • There will be a single dedicated channel per class from class 1st to 12th which will be known as ‘one class, one channel’
  • Diksha will be launched for States and union territories which will contain e-content and QR coded energized textbook for all grades it will be known as ‘one nation, one digital platform’
  • Channel call Manodarpan will launch for mental health and emotional well-being student, teachers and families
  • A new national curriculum and pedagogical framework for school, early childhood and teachers will be launched which is integrated with global and 21st-century skill requirements.
  • National Foundational Literacy and Numeracy Mission for ensuring that every child attains Learning levels and outcomes in grade 5 by 2020 will be launched by December 2020.
  • Swayam Prabha DTH channel will launch for all classes so that the student who does not have access to the internet can study
  • The experts will do live interactive sessions from home through skype
  • It has made private DTH operators like Tata Sky and Airtel 2 year education video
  • 200 new textbook will add o e-pathshala

Impacts on education due to COVID-19 pandemic:

  • School and university closures will not only have a short-term impact on the continuity of learning for more than 285 million young learners in India but also engender far-reaching economic and societal consequences.
  • The pandemic has significantly disrupted the higher education sector as well, which is a critical determinant of a country’s economic future.
  • A large number of Indian students—second only to China—enroll in universities abroad, especially in countries worst affected by the pandemic, the US, UK, Australia and China.
  • Many such students have now been barred from leaving these countries. If the situation persists, in the long run, a decline in the demand for international higher education is expected.
  • The bigger concern, however, on everybody’s mind is the effect of the disease on the employment rate. Recent graduates in India are fearing withdrawal of job offers from corporates because of the current situation.
  • The Centre for Monitoring Indian Economy’s estimates on unemployment shot up from 8.4% in mid-March to 23% in early April and the urban unemployment rate to 30.9%.

Challenges:

  • India is far behind some developing countries where digital education is getting increased attention.
  • In countries where e-learning is popular, students have access to various online resources such as Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) which help students, teachers and professionals upgrade their skills.
  • The major challenge in EDTech reforms at the national level is the seamless integration of technology in the present Indian education system, which is the most diverse and largest in the world with more than 15 lakh schools and 50,000 higher education institutions.
  • Further, it is also important to establish quality assurance mechanisms and quality benchmark for online learning developed and offered by India HEIs as well as e-learning platforms (growing rapidly).
  • Many e-learning players offer multiple courses on the same subjects with different levels of certifications, methodology and assessment parameters. So, the quality of courses may differ across different e-learning platforms.
  • Democratization of technology is now an important issue, comprising internet connectivity, telecom infrastructure, affordability of online system, availability of laptop/desktop, software, educational tools, online assessment tools, etc.
  • Since our education system has not trained our teachers and students to think creatively and manage in a crisis situation, and has underplayed the importance of e-learning, they are unprepared for the transition from the classroom to online.
  • Parents feels too pressed, having to support their children’s classes while working from home themselves.
  • The physical classroom does not only impart the syllabus. Children are also socialised, and there is an element of sport and play which is absent in virtual learning.
  • The matrix for socialisation is not replicated on an LCD screen.
  • Poor are disconnected and irrespective of background, some children cannot relate to the online classroom, and many more are losing out on midday meals.

Other Measures:

  • DIKSHA (one nation-one digital platform).
  • TV (one class-one channel) where one dedicated channel per grade for each of the classes 1 to 12 will provide access to quality educational material.
  • SWAYAM online courses in MOOCS format for school and higher education.
  • IITPALfor IITJEE/NEET preparation.
  • Air through Community radio and CBSE Shiksha Vani podcast.
  • Study material for the differently abled developed on Digitally Accessible Information System (DAISY) and in sign language on NIOS website/ YouTube.