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Spike in return of people to Bangladesh

Topics Covered: Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkages of organized crime with terrorism.

Spike in return of people to Bangladesh:


BSF and NCRB data says:

  1. In the past four years, nearly twice the number of illegal Bangladeshi migrants were caught leaving the country compared to those coming in illegally.
  2. Till December 14 this year, as many as 3,173 illegal migrants were apprehended by the BSF when they were attempting to cross over to Bangladesh, three times more than the 1,115 caught while trying to enter India through illegal means.
  3. In 2019, 2018 and 2017, the numbers of Bangladeshis leaving the country stood at 2,638, 2,971 and 821 respectively, compared to the 1,351, 1,118 and 871 persons respectively who entered illegally.

Reasons behind these migrations:

Another official added that there had been a surge in numbers of illegal Bangladeshis leaving the country due to the lack of work following the COVID-19 pandemic and the subsequent lockdown.

Once caught, what do security agencies do with them?

If they are apprehended, they let them go back. If they are arrested, it leads to lengthy legal procedures and the illegal migrants then have to be placed in a shelter or detention home till their nationality is proved.


It is becoming difficult to distinguish between the Rohingya and Bangladeshis and the BSF personnel were not equipped to differentiate between the two on the basis of dialect.


India and Bangladesh share 4096.7 km. of border, which is the longest land boundary that India shares with any of its neighbours.

The India-Bangladesh Land Boundary Agreement (LBA) came into force following the exchange of instruments of ratification in June 2015.


Prelims Link:

  1. India- Bangladesh border.
  2. India and neighbours- locations.
  3. Bilateral trade between India and Bangladesh.
  4. What is the Land Boundary Agreement?

Mains Link:

Suggest measures to address the cross-border movement of immigrants in India.

Sources: the Hindu.