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“Landslides are more than just a natural phenomena”. Do you agree? Discuss and suggest ways to mitigate it.

Topic: Volcanoes, Earthquakes and Landslides

2. “Landslides are more than just a natural phenomena”. Do you agree? Discuss and suggest ways to mitigate it. (250 words)

Reference: Fundamentals of Physical Geography by G C Leong

Why the question:

The question is from the static portions of GS paper I , portions of World Geography.

Key Demand of the question:

One is expected to explain in what way landslides are more than just a natural phenomenon and explain ways to mitigate it.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

One can start with background/case study – Landslides have caused massive damage of life and property during extremely heavy rain across India, most recently in Kerala. The Kedarnath landslide in Uttarakhand in June 2013, caused by flash floods that resulted in over 5,000 deaths, was identified as the most tragic such disaster.

Body:

A landslide is defined as the movement of a mass of rock, debris, or earth down a slope.

Landslides are a type of “mass wasting (a geomorphic process),” which denotes any down-slope movement of soil and rock under the direct influence of gravity.

Several things can trigger landslides, including the slow weathering of rocks as well as soil erosion, earthquakes and volcanic activity.

Explain why landslides have become more than just natural phenomenon.

List down suggestions to mitigate them.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.