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How should India, an economy dependent on fossil fuels, navigate future energy transitions? Discuss with special focus on Technology as an answer to such a transition.

Topic Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

5.  How should India, an economy dependent on fossil fuels, navigate future energy transitions? Discuss with special focus on Technology as an answer to such a transition. (250 words)

Reference: Indian Express 

Why the question:

The article brings to us insights on a new map that India must pave for the end of Oil Age.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss the transition that India must peddle to move towards future energy transitions, explain with special focus on technology.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly explain the context of the question.

Body:

Before venturing into the possible energy transition, explain the factors that shape the ongoing transitions such as – first is the US shale revolution, leveraging by Russia of its gas exports, China’s assertion of its rights over the South China Seas, sectarian strife (Sunni/Shia) in the Middle East etc.

Then explain the state of India’s energy sector, explain the dependence of it on fossil fuels.

Discuss the importance of technology and explain how it will reshape the map for the new energy transition that India would tread.

Conclusion:

Conclude with multi-faceted options available before India for its upcoming energy transition.