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Why are parliamentary standing committees necessary? Explain with recent examples.

Topic : Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.

2. Why are parliamentary standing committees necessary? Explain with recent examples. (250 words)

Reference: The Hindu 

Why the question:

The farmer protests over the enactment of Farm Acts and also the opposition’s criticism have highlighted the need to have greater consultation and deliberation before coming up with laws such as these that have an impact across the country. Thus the question context.

Key Demand of the question:

Explain the importance and necessity of parliamentary standing committees with examples.


Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:


Start by explaining what Parliamentary committees are.


In the answer body explain their significance –

The functions of the Parliament are varied, complex and voluminous. Time and expertise to make a detailed scrutiny of all legislative measures and other matters are not available.

Parliamentary committees assist in the discharge of the duties of parliament.

The Standing and Select committees help the lawmakers to source expertise, diverse opinions from outside of the parliament.

It also provides a platform to overcome rigid party stance and adopt a more flexible, acceptable way to go forward.

Parliamentary committees work away from the public gaze; hence there are no incentives in ‘playing to the gallery’. Give examples such as that of GST bill, farm bills etc.


Conclude with importance.