Print Friendly, PDF & Email

Explain the challenges associated with targeting welfare beneficiaries in the country. And also analyse how can concept of social registry help addressing the same?

Topic : Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.

3. Explain the challenges associated with targeting welfare beneficiaries in the country. And also analyse how can concept of social registry help addressing the same? (250 words)

Reference: Indian Express 

Why the question:

A social registry linking Aadhaar to residence info can target aid to the vulnerable during a pandemic. Thus the question.

Key Demand of the question:

Explain the challenges associated with targeting welfare beneficiaries in the country. And also analyse how concept of social registry can help addressing the same.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Recent estimates from the World Bank suggest that 88 to 115 million people could slide into poverty in 2020, which presents a tough challenge for targeting welfare beneficiaries.

Body:

Start by first presenting the challenge of targeting welfare beneficiaries in the country; this can be best explained through examples. Under Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Yojana (PMGKY), an ex-gratia payment of Rs 500 was credited to women Jan Dhan account holders. Similarly, Farmers registered for PM-KISAN also received Rs 2,000 in their accounts immediately. However, the money did not reach the most vulnerable households. For example, recipients of PM-KISAN were not amongst the poorest households. Data from round-3 of the NCAER Delhi Coronavirus Telephonic Survey (DCVTS-3), suggests that 21 per cent of farm households received transfers through PM-KISAN. However, 42 per cent of such households belonged to the wealthiest.

Discuss what needs to be done to overcome these challenges.  Then present the concept of social registry; discuss its merits and demerits.

Conclusion:

Conclude with importance of such an innovative idea to tackle the issues associated with identifying and targeting welfare beneficiaries.