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An important element to correct in the policy matrix addressing the menace of air pollution in the country is the policy of subsidies on power, fertilizers and procurement. Analyse.

Topic : Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

5. An important element to correct in the policy matrix addressing the menace of air pollution in the country is the policy of subsidies on power, fertilizers and procurement. Analyse. (250 words)

Reference: Financial Express 

Why the question:

The article presents to us a relook at the agri-subsidies to curb agri-pollution. Thus the question.

Key Demand of the question:

One has to explain the grim need to shift the nature of support to farmers from input subsidies to investment subsidies to curb the menace of air pollution in the country.

Directive:

AnalyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly present background for air pollution in the country.

Body:

In the answer body present the main reasons for air pollution in India and discuss its impact in detail.

Then discuss the effect of policy of subsidies on power, fertilizers and procurement; Power subsidies have not only led to an alarming overuse of groundwater, but also it has severely damaged the health of power distribution companies. Subsidized Urea has led to massive overuse of nitrogenous fertilizers, leading to damaged soils and pollution of local water bodies etc.

Suggest what needs to be done? – hint at solutions like crop diversification, direct cash transfers to farmers etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.