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Discuss how Brahmaputra presents both a geopolitical opportunity as well as a cause of concern for both India and China to address their water crisis.

Topic : India and its neighborhood- relations.

2. Discuss how Brahmaputra presents both a geopolitical opportunity as well as a cause of concern for both India and China to address their water crisis. (250 words)

Reference: Indian Express 

Why the question:

The editorial brings to us closer insights of the Chinese dam projects on the Brahmaputra that are posing to be a threat to lives and livelihoods downstream.

Key Demand of the question:

Explain how Brahmaputra presents both a geopolitical opportunity as well as a cause of concern for both India and China to address their water crisis.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Talk about the Brahmaputra; a perennial river, with several peculiar characteristics due to its geography and prevailing climatic conditions and its importance to India-China.

Body:

In the answer body explain why it is both a geopolitical opportunity as well as a cause of concern for both India and China.

Talk about the water woes across the India-China borders, the issue of food security, and the impact on the fragile ecosystems around the river flow.

Discuss separately the significance of the river to both India and China.

Explain the issues and conflicts around its usage through damming. Explain what needs to be done to address the issue.

Conclusion:

Both sides must cease new constructions on the river and commit to potentially less destructive solutions. Building a decentralized network of check dams, rain-capturing lakes and using traditional means of water capture have shown effective results in restoring the ecological balance while supporting the populations of the regions in a sustainable manner