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What are carbon capture utilisation technologies? Discuss how India can adapt them and tread the path of cleaner energy systems.

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.  

6. What are carbon capture utilisation technologies? Discuss how India can adapt them and tread the path of cleaner energy systems. (250 words)

Reference: Financial Express 

Why the question:

The article explains that as G20 chair in 2022, how India must focus on carbon capture utilisation technologies.

Key Demand of the question:

The question is straightforward and is about carbon capture utilisation technologies and their significance to India.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly explain the concept of carbon capture utilisation technologies.

Body:

Explain the coming of carbon capture utilisation technologies; Carbon Capture and Storage, is a technology which captures carbon dioxide (CO2) from the burning of coal and gas for power generation, and from the manufacturing of steel, cement and other industrial facilities.  It involves the transportation of CO2 either by pipeline or ship, for safe and permanent underground storage. Thus, it helps in preventing it from entering the atmosphere and contributing to anthropogenic climate change.

Discuss why India must adopt to these technologies, present the efforts of the current government in this direction.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.