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Critically examine the issues directed towards sustainable urbanization. Discuss various government schemes to address the challenges arising in the way of urbanization.

Topic : population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.

2. Critically examine the issues directed towards sustainable urbanization. Discuss various government schemes to address the challenges arising in the way of urbanization. (250 words)

Reference:  smartnet.niua.org

Why the question:

The question is about issues related to sustainable urbanisation.

Key Demand of the question:

Explain the various government schemes to address the challenges arising in the way of urbanization. Discuss the issues directed towards sustainable urbanisation.

Directive:

Critically examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Define what sustainable urbanisation is. Explain that the world has urbanized rapidly in recent years, offering countries opportunities to improve the lives of people and enhance economic development in towns and cities.

Body:

In the answer body explain what are problems associated with urban sustainability?

Explain how does urbanization affect the sustainability?

Discuss – The problems associated with urbanization are: High population density, inadequate infrastructure, lack of affordable housing, flooding, pollution, slum creation, crime, congestion and poverty. This problem of high population density is caused due to the heavy rate of migration from rural areas.

Elaborate upon the various government schemes to address the challenges arising in the way of urbanization.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.