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[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 13 November 2020

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.

1. Social control and socialization are two faces of same coin. Do you agree? Critically analyse. (250 words)

Reference: sociologyguide.com

Why the question:

The question is based on the concept of social control and socialization.

Key Demand of the question:

One has to elaborate in what way Social control and socialization are two faces of same coin.

Directive:

Critically analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by defining what social control and socialization are.

Body:

Social control and socialization are closely related to each other. Social control is a part of socialization. During the process of socialization the process of social control also is in operation.

 Through socialization social control becomes effective. In order to maintain the social order there are definite procedures in society. These customs and procedures become a part of man’s life and man gets adjusted to the society.

As a matter of fact, societies depend heavily upon effective socialization to internalize social norms and values as the individual’s guides and motives to action. Through socialization societies aim to control the behavior of its members subconsciously.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a fair and balanced opinion on the fact in the question.

 

Topic : Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.

2. Analyse the rise of social media as a consequence of lacunae in the traditional Indian society. (250 words)

Reference: Indian Express 

Why the question:

The article brings to us detailed analysis of the rise of social media and its impact on our society.

Key Demand of the question:

Analyse the rise of social media as a consequence of lacunae in the traditional Indian society.

Directive:

AnalyzeWhen asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by talking about social media, how it has grown fast into our society impacting millions of lives.

Body:

Discuss the lacunae present in our society that have contributed to the rise of social media; effect of globalisation, differential impact on women, generational gap that is ever widening etc.

Explain then how should be social media ideally used?

Suggest what needs to be done to overcome these challenges and make social media more advantageous.

Conclusion:

Conclude with solutions to address the issues posed by it.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic :  Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies.

3. Discuss the role of the Attorney-General of India.(250 words)

Reference: Indian polity by Lakshmikant

Why the question:

The question is about the role of Attorney –General of India.

Key Demand of the question:

The question is straightforward and is about discussing the role of AG of India.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

The Attorney General of India is the highest law officer of the country.

Body:

There isn’t much to deliberate about the question; one must explain what the role of attorney general of India is? – The Attorney General is necessary for advising the Government of India on legal matters referred to them. They also perform other legal duties assigned to them by the President.

Discuss in detail the role and responsibilities. Provide recent examples if possible.

Conclusion:

Conclude with importance of the post.

 

Topic : Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies.

4. Discuss the role of the Finance Commission as a neutral arbiter in the Centre-state relation. (250 words)

Reference: Indian Express 

Why the question:

The article explains the role of the Finance Commission as a neutral arbiter in the Centre-state relation in achieving the delicate balance.

Key Demand of the question:

The Fifteenth Finance Commission led by Chairman N. K. Singh submitted its report for the period 2021-2026 to President of India. Thus the question.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with relevant details of finance commission and its constitutional position in India.

Body:

Discuss in what way the main role of Finance Commission is to act as neutral arbiter in the Centre-state relation.

Its main function is to recommend how the Union government should share taxes levied by it with the states. These recommendations cover a period of five years. The commission also lays down rules by which the centre should provide grants-in-aid to states out of the Consolidated Fund of India.

Elaborate on its powers and functions.

Talk about the recent report of 15th finance commission.

Conclusion:

Highlight the importance of it being a neutral arbiter of centre- states relations. 

 


General Studies – 3


 

 Topic : Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

5. How has climate change impacted water resources distribution and availability across India? Explain.  (250 words)

Reference: www.researchgate.net

Why the question:

The question is about impact of climate change on water resources distribution and availability in India.

Key Demand of the question:

One has to explain how climate change has impacted water resources distribution and availability across India.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by presenting some key facts that justify the impact of climate change in general.

Body:

The water resources in the country are under the severe threat of climate change in terms of changes in the magnitude and intensity of rainfall, ground water recharge, floods, and drought disasters, including contamination of surface water and ground water resources.

Give examples from across the country in what way it affects the distribution of water too in the various parts.

Substantiate your answer with some key facts.

Conclusion:

Conclude with what needs to be done, suggest solutions to address the issue.

 


General Studies – 4


 

6. Law is nevertheless an indispensable part of the picture. It is a necessary complement to both morality and ethics. Elucidate. (250 words)

Reference: Ethics, Integrity and aptitude by Lexicon Publications

Why the question:

Question is based on the interlinkages of law, morality and ethics.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss in detail the indispensability of law to ethics and morals in any situation.

Directive:

Elucidate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Introduction should briefly define law and ethics

Body:

In the answer body cover the following aspects relevant to the question –

  • Discuss with examples, the role of law for ethical conduct in society.
  • Explain how law complements both morality and ethics.
  • Give examples to substantiate the statement in question.

Conclusion:

Ethics come into picture especially when law is not able to ensure common good due to its limitation however that does not mean ethics undermines of law.

 

Topic : Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.

7. What do you understand by ‘global ethics’? How it is related to the concept of ‘Global Village’ or ‘Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam’? Explain. (250 words)

Reference: Ethics, Integrity and aptitude by Lexicon Publications

Why the question:

Based on the concept of global ethics, question pertains to its importance for concept of ‘Global Village’ or ‘Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam’.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss in detail the concept of global ethics and its significance and centrality to the concept of ‘Global Village’ or ‘Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam’.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly define Global ethics.

Body:

The term global ethics refers to a set of common moral values and ethical standards which are shared by the different faiths and cultures on Earth. These common moral values and ethical standards constitute a humane ethic, or, the ethics of humanity.

Explain the meaning of global village and the philosophy of vasudhaiva kutumbakam.

Analyse how concept of global ethics is related to global village and vasudhaiva kutumbakam.

Conclusion:

Promoting Global ethics is need of the hour when the world is facing problems of refugees, climate change, terrorism, poverty and hunger.


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