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[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 9 November 2020

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic:  Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location-changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.

1. What are glacial outbursts? Discuss the concerns caused by such phenomena with suitable examples. (250 words)

Reference: The Hindu 

Why the question:

The article talks about the Study of the Gya glacial lake outburst.

Key Demand of the question:

The question is based on the concept of glacial outburst and the concerns posed by them.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by explaining what glacial outbursts are.

Body:

A glacial lake outburst flood (GLOF) is a type of outburst flood that occurs when the dam containing a glacial lake fails. The dam can consist of glacier ice or a terminal moraine.

Failure can happen due to erosion, a buildup of water pressure, an avalanche of rock or heavy snow, an earthquake or massive displacement of water in a glacial lake when a large portion of an adjacent glacier collapses into it.

Discuss the concerns and threats posed by such a glacial outburst, present the case of Gya lake outburst.

Conclusion:

Conclude with solutions to address the problem such as early warning system, better land planning etc.

 

Topic : History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.— their forms and effect on the society.

2. “The American revolution was essentially an economic revolt against American capitalism and British Mercantilism”. Critically examine. (250 words)

Reference: World History by Norman Lowe

Why the question:

The question is from the static portions of GS paper I.

Key Demand of the question:

The answer must discuss in what way the American Revolution was essentially an economic revolt against American capitalism and British Mercantilism.

Directive:

Critically examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly discuss the backdrop in which American Revolution took place. Present a timeline in the history.

Body:

Explain that the economic policy of England in its colonies in America was the primary cause of resentment among the American settlers. Mercantilism was the prevailing policy in Europe at that time and the American Revolution can be said to be an economic revolt against this mercantilism.

Discuss the policy of mercantilism. Explain how as a policy it believes that the volume of global trade is static and one country’s gain in trade is another country’s loss; wealth of a nation depends on possession of gold and silver; exports are preferred to imports and a colonial possession should provide wealth to the home country.

List the causes of resentment in detail.

Conclusion:

Conclude with importance of such a revolution in the world history.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic : Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.

3. Where do we geographically place the Indo-Pacific? How has India strived to utilize the geo-strategic potential of Indo-Pacific? Explain. (250 words)

Reference: Times of India 

Why the question:

The article presents to the importance of Indo-Pacific in the 21st century and associated political and security issues.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss the geo-strategic potential of Indo-Pacific to India and importance of geographical location of the entire Indo-pacific.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin with the fact that the Indo-Pacific region is crucial in Indian foreign policy.

Body:

India has used ‘indo-pacific’ in joint statements with a series of partner countries, including the United States, Australia, France, Indonesia, Japan, and of course the United Kingdom. The Ministry has recently set up an Indo-Pacific Division as well as an Oceania Division, and placed them under the same Additional Secretary level officer. This is a sign of India’s commitment to this critical geography.

For India, the Indo-Pacific is that vast maritime space stretching from the western coast of North America to the eastern shores of Africa.

Discuss the past to present relevance of Indo-pacific vis-à-vis status of India with respect to it.

Comment on the efforts of India to utilize the geo-strategic potential of Indo-Pacific.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic : Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

4. Discuss the possible contributions that urban wetland development can make in averting the water crisis facing the urban regions of the country. (250 words)

Reference: Financial Express 

Why the question:

The author of the article brings to us the importance of urban wetlands in resolving/addressing the water crisis of the urban areas of the country.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss in detail the possible contributions that urban wetland development can make in averting the water crisis facing the urban regions of the country.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with some important statistics such as the data of report; WWF Risk Filter analysis in the context of the question.

Body:

Start by explaining in what way developing urban wetlands and watershed are crucial to containing the crisis.

Through the ages, urban wetlands have been the lifeline of most cities in India. They were preserved and looked after by the people as their main source of water supply for drinking and irrigation. These wetlands are found all over the country and are either natural or built by people. Over the years, they have gradually depleted, leading to a number of problems in urban areas such as flooding, water scarcity, and water logging.

Present a case study to substantiate the contributions of wetlands in addressing the water crisis of the urban areas.

Conclusion:

People in the urban areas must learn to live in harmony with nature in their own habitat. The wetlands, the green belts, and the flora and fauna of these areas have to be preserved for urban areas to survive and remain healthy.

 

Topic : Major crops-cropping patterns in various parts of the country, – different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.

5. Account for the concept of Conservation Agriculture and its underlying principles and suggest its importance and relevance in today’s times. (250 words)

Reference: ecaf.org

Why the question:

The question is premised on the theme of Conservation agriculture and the importance of it.

Key Demand of the question:

Explain in detail the concept of conservation agriculture and discuss its significance in today’s times.

Directive:

Account – Weigh up to what extent something is true. Persuade the reader of your argument by citing relevant research but also remember to point out any flaws and counter- arguments as well. Conclude by stating clearly how far you are in agreement with the original proposition.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Define what Conservation agriculture is.

Body:

Conservation agriculture (CA) can be defined by a statement given by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations as “A farming system that promotes minimum soil disturbance (i.e. No-till farming), maintenance of a permanent soil cover, and diversification of plant species. It enhances Biodiversity and natural biological processes above and below the ground surface, which contribute to increased water and nutrient use efficiency and to improved and sustained crop production.”

Discuss the key underlying principles of the concept.

One can present the case of India; with a map explain the applicability of it to different regions.

Highlight the benefits, concerns/challenges and explain future development prospects.

Conclusion:

Conclude with its importance.

 

Topic: Disaster and disaster management. Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate.

6. Evaluate the role of Central Armed Police Forces (CAPFs) in disaster management in the country with special reference to the current pandemic situation. (250 words)

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

The article presents to us the crucial expertise of CAPFs in managing disasters in the country.

Key Demand of the question:

One must evaluate the role of Central Armed Police Forces (CAPFs) in disaster management in the country with special reference to the current pandemic situation.

Directive:

Evaluate – When you are asked to evaluate, you have to pass a sound judgement about the truth of the given statement in the question or the topic based on evidences.  You have to appraise the worth of the statement in question. There is scope for forming a personal opinion here.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Brief about the occurrence of disasters, both natural and man-made in the country in general.

Body:

When disaster strikes our country in any manner, be it natural or man-made, the government summons the Central Armed Police Forces (CAPFs) to carry out the task of overcoming the disaster, by not only carrying out rescue and relief operations, but also mitigating the pains and problems arising out of the disaster.

Explain the role of Central Armed Police Forces (CAPFs) in detail, brief on their working profile.

Conclusion:

Conclude with importance of the role of CAPFs in Disaster management.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic : Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in-human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics – in private and public relationships. Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of Family society and educational institutions in inculcating values.

7. Why some values are considered as human values? What the relevance they have for society? Explain.(250 words)

Reference: hrkatha.com

Why the question:

The question is about the relevance of human values to today’s society.

Key Demand of the question:

Define what human values are, explain their importance.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Define human values briefly.

Body:

Human values are most important in life—so important that people are and should be ready to sacrifice almost anything to live with their values.

Honesty, integrity, love, and happiness are some of the end values or destination values that human beings seek to attain, practice and live with. On the other hand, values such as health, money, fame, status, intelligence, and so on are the means values or path values which help achieve the end values.

Discuss how such values are formed.  Explain why it is important to know about values.

Explain their importance in general to society, give examples.

Conclusion:

Conclude with importance.


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