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Discuss the importance of agro-forestry, social forestry and natural forests in supplementing the income of farmers.

Topic : Major crops-cropping patterns in various parts of the country, – different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.

5. Discuss the importance of agro-forestry, social forestry and natural forests in supplementing the income of farmers. (250 words)

Reference: geographyandyou.com

Why the question:

The question is straightforward and aims to discuss the importance of agro-forestry, social forestry and natural forests in supplementing the income of farmers.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss in detail the importance of agro-forestry, social forestry and natural forests in supplementing the income of farmers.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Define first what agro-forestry, social forestry and natural forests are.

Body:

Agroforestry is the cultivation of trees and shrubs as crops or for animal rearing with a view towards the environment, their utility or other social benefits. Social forestry refers to the management of forests for the benefits of local communities. It includes aspects such as forest management, forest protection, and afforestation of deforested lands with the objective of improving the rural, environmental, and social development.

Discuss the existing policies on both agro and social forestry in our country. Discuss what the lacunae are; the problem in both agro n social forestry is a lack of policy outreach, and is borne from the transition from traditional ways of living in rural communities to modern forms of agriculture and livelihood. There is thus a lack of participation from local communities with respect to policy, that has not yet assimilated the traditional methods and ethos of agro n social forestry. While social forestry is invaluable to conservation efforts towards forests and ecosystems, agro forestry opens up certain tree-species to production processes.

Likewise also discuss in what way natural forests can as well contribute to the farmers income.

Conclusion:

Conclude with the need to recognise the importance of these three policies in augmenting the income of farmers in the country.