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Examine the whys and wherefores for the poor performance of the Discoms in India and propose measures to overcome these weaknesses.

Topic : GS-2: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

GS-3: Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, And Railways etc.

3. Examine the whys and wherefores for the poor performance of the Discoms in India and propose measures to overcome these weaknesses. (250 words)

Reference: The Hindu 

Why the question:

The article analyzes the reasons for the poor performance of the Discoms in India and suggests measures to overcome these shortcomings.

Key Demand of the question:

Examine the poor performances outplayed by the Discoms in the recent times in the country and propose measures to overcome these weaknesses.

Directive:

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly state key facts suggesting the poor performance of Discoms in the country.

Body:

Distribution Companies (Discoms) play a critical role in the electricity supply chain. These utilities typically buy power from generators and retail these to consumers. India has done well in ensuring the adequate production of electricity in the country. However, the Discoms continue to perform badly.

List down the reasons for their bad performance. Bring out the challenges they have been facing such as inefficiency, lack of cost-reflective tariff structure, default of payments to Discoms etc.

Suggest suitable measures to address the situation.

Conclusion:

Conclude with both short term and long term measures.