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Ineffective and unplanned hydro-geology of cities and towns of India today are more responsible for floods than just the monsoon depressions. Critically examine.

3. Ineffective and unplanned hydro-geology of cities and towns of India today are more responsible for floods than just the monsoon depressions. Critically examine. (250 words)

Reference: The Hindu 

Why the question:

The article explains that as floods swamp Hyderabad and other parts of the southern India, the focus is on the inadequacy of drainage infrastructure.

Key Demand of the question:

One has to analyse in what way ineffective and unplanned hydro-geology of cities and towns of India today are more responsible for floods than just the monsoon depressions.

Directive:

Critically examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Present the current picture of floods in the country owing to the monsoonal depression over the west central Bay of Bengal.

Body:

Discuss critically how much of the damage caused by the floods was mainly due to inadequate drainage infrastructure; much of the damage was due to the overflowing of lakes, lack of proper drainage system and their mismanagement.

Explain with suitable case studies (for example: city of Hyderabad).

Discuss that in the long term, the effects of flooding due to deluges can only be mitigated if urban planners take into account the hydro-geology of cities and ensure that construction, development and land occupation do not take place in a way that reduces the area of wetlands.

Conclusion:

Suggest solutions to overcome such problems both long term and short term.