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Discuss in detail the key concerns associated with Assisted Reproductive Technology Bill also suggest way forward.

Topic : GS-2: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

 GS-3: Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life.

7. Discuss in detail the key concerns associated with Assisted Reproductive Technology Bill also suggest way forward. (250 words)

Reference: Indian Express 

Why the question:

The article presents to us a critical review of ART Bill.

Key Demand of the question:

One has to explain in detail the key concerns associated with Assisted Reproductive Technology Bill also suggest way forward.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

The Assisted Reproductive Technology (Regulation) Bill, 2020 was introduced in Lok Sabha on September 14, 2020.  The Bill seeks to provide for the regulation of Assisted Reproductive Technology services in the country.

Body:

Briefly write about the features of the Bill. The Bill defines ART to include all techniques that seek to obtain a pregnancy by handling the sperm or the oocyte (immature egg cell) outside the human body and transferring the gamete or the embryo into the reproductive system of a woman.

Explain what are the key concerns; Exclusion in the access of ART, Issues associated with consent, threat of eugenics, Overlap with Surrogacy Regulation etc.

Conclusion:

Suggest solution and way forward; The Bill raises several constitutional, medico-legal, ethical and regulatory concerns, affecting millions and must be thoroughly reviewed before passage.