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“The Human Cost of Disasters 2000-2019” Report

Topics Covered: Disaster management.

“The Human Cost of Disasters 2000-2019” Report:


Context:

Released recently by the UN Office for Disaster Risk Reduction.

Key findings:

  • Climate change is largely to blame for a near doubling of natural disasters in the past 20 years.
  • 7,348 major disaster events had occurred between 2000 and 2019, affecting 4.2 billion people and costing the global economy some $2.97 trillion.

About UNISDR:

The United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR), created in December 1999, is the successor to the secretariat of the International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction.

  • It was established to ensure the implementation of the International Strategy for Disaster Reduction.

Functions:

UNISDR supports the implementation, follow-up and review of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction adopted by the Third UN World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction on 18 March 2015 in Sendai, Japan.

UNISDR’s vision is anchored on the four priorities for action set out in the Sendai Framework:

  1. Understanding disaster risk.
  2. Strengthening disaster risk governance to manage disaster risk.
  3. Investing in disaster risk reduction for resilience.
  4. Enhancing disaster preparedness for effective response and to “Build Back Better” in recovery, rehabilitation and reconstruction.

About Sendai Framework:

The “Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030” was adopted during the Third UN World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction held in Sendai, Japan in March, 2015.

  • It is the first major agreement of the post-2015 development agenda, with seven targets and four priorities for action.
  • It was endorsed by the UN General Assembly following the 2015 Third UN World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction (WCDRR).

The Framework is the successor instrument to the Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA) 2005-2015: Building the Resilience of Nations and Communities to Disasters.

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InstaLinks:

Prelims Link:

  1. About UNISDR.
  2. What is Sendai framework?
  3. About WCDRR.
  4. What is Hyogo Framework for Action?

Sources: the Hindu.