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What’s the difference between global warming and climate change? Discuss their contributions in recent extreme events witnessed across the world.

Topic : Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

5. What’s the difference between global warming and climate change? Discuss their contributions in recent extreme events witnessed across the world. (250 words)

Reference: climate.gov

Why the question:

Question is straightforward and is from GS paper III.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss the difference between global warming and climate change; also explain their contributions in recent extreme events witnessed across the world.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Define what global warming is and climate change is.

Body:

Global warming refers only to the Earth’s rising surface temperature, while climate change includes warming and the “side effects” of warming—like melting glaciers, heavier rainstorms, or more frequent drought. Said another way, global warming is one symptom of the much larger problem of human-caused climate change.

Tabulate the differences with relevant examples.

Discuss their contributions in the recent extreme events. 

Conclusion:

Conclude with need to recognise and address these changes so as to ensure sustainability of Earth and its environment.