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Discuss the evolution of Seventh Schedule of the Indian constitution? Do you think there is a need to relook and revise the Seventh Schedule? Explain.

Topic : Indian Constitution—historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.

3. Discuss the evolution of Seventh Schedule of the Indian constitution? Do you think there is a need to relook and revise the Seventh Schedule? Explain. (250 words)

Reference: Indian polity by Lakshmikant

Why the question:

The dealings with the recent COVID pandemic have highlighted the issues with the distribution of subjects between the centre and states. The fragmented manner in which the laws have been invoked highlighted a lack of clarity in how the Centre and States have interpreted their roles under the Constitution as it stands. Thus the question.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss the evolution of Seventh Schedule of the Indian constitution and justify if there is a need to relook and revise the Seventh Schedule.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by explaining what seventh schedule is about. The Seventh Schedule contains a three-fold distribution of legislative subjects between the Centre and the states, viz., List-I (the Union List), List-II (the State List) and List-III (the Concurrent List). Discuss its origin.

Body:

Although the Centre and the states are supreme in their respective domains, harmony and coordination between them is essential for the effective operation of the federal system. Hence, the Constitution contains elaborate provisions to regulate the various dimensions of the relations between the Centre and States.

For example, the current COVID pandemic is primarily a health and public order issue (State subjects). various states imposed lockdown by invoking Epidemic Disease Act, 1897. However, given the highly communicable nature of the disease and to ensure consistency in the application and implementation of various measures across the country, the central government invoked Disaster Management Act, 2005 (DM Act) to impose a blanket lockdown across the country. Disaster Management Act being highly centralized in its nature restricts the space for states to maneuver its options in accordance with prevalent local conditions. d the states. One such provision is the Seventh Schedule of the Indian Constitution.

Explain its significance, and discuss the kind of revision and relook that it requires.

Conclusion:

The question of division of powers and responsibilities between the centre and the states has cropped up in several legislative proposals thus it’s time to relook and revisit the process.