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[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 11 September 2020

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic : Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

1. Write a detailed note on entertainment Folk theatre of India. (250 words)

Reference: Indian art and culture by Nitin Singhania

Why the question:

The question is from the static portion GS paper 1, theme art and culture.

Key Demand of the question:

 One must explain in detail entertainment folk theatre in India.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by explaining about folk art theatre of India.

Body:

Folk Theatre is a composite art form in India with a fusion of elements from music, dance, pantomime, versification, epic and ballad recitation, graphic and plastic arts, religion and festival peasantry. The Folk theatre having roots in native culture is embedded in local identity and social values.

Besides providing mass entertainment, it helps Indian society as indigenous tools of interpersonal, inter-group and inter-village communication for ages. Folk theatre has been used extensively in India to propagate critical social, political and cultural issues in the form of theatrical messages to create awareness among the people.

 As an indigenous form it breaks all kinds of formal barriers of human communication and appeals directly to the people.

Discuss more of its key features, its presence across the country in different forms.

Conclusion:

Conclude with importance of it and contributions of it to Indian art, culture and heritage.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic : Parliament and State legislatures—structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.

2. Analyse the menace of increasing cases of criminal background on legislators. Suggest solutions to address it. (250 words)

Reference: The Hindu 

Why the question:

The article paints a bleak picture yet again of increasing cases of criminal background on legislators.

Key Demand of the question:

Analyse the menace of increasing cases of criminal background on legislators and suggest solutions to address it.

Directive:

Analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Recently a report submitted in the Supreme Court has said there are a total of 4,442 cases pending against legislators across the country.

Body:

One can start with the 2018 judgment of the apex court with regards to criminal cases against legislators and rules they must abide by.

Explain then the reasons for not being able to curb the menace of corruption and criminal activities of the legislators such as – Domination of politics in the bureaucracy, business, civil society and the media, lack of intention to do public service in the political system, Lack of enforcement of laws and judgments which are unclear.

Conclusion:

Conclude with suggestions to address the problem.

 

Topic : Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

3. Account for spatial and regional dimensions of digital divide in India. (250 words)

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

NSO’s survey of ‘Household Social Consumption on Education in India’, for July 2017-June 2018, highlights the poor state of computer and Internet access across different geographical areas and economic strata. Thus the question.

Key Demand of the question:

One has to present the case of digital disconnect across the country that has been exposed by the current pandemic of covid-19.

Directive:

Account – Weigh up to what extent something is true. Persuade the reader of your argument by citing relevant research but also remember to point out any flaws and counter- arguments as well. Conclude by stating clearly how far you are in agreement with the original proposition.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with brief background of how covid-19 has exposed the perils of digital divide in the country.

Body:

States like Himachal Pradesh, Kerala and Delhi have access exceeding 50%, whereas larger states have less than 20 % of internet connectivity. Rural areas are more deprived compared to urban areas with respect to internet connectivity, Ex: Rural Odisha, MP, Karnataka, West Bengal has net connectivity of 5% – 10%. Apart from internet connectivity, other tools which broaden digital divide are lack of computer to access internet, reliability problems, and power cuts.

Explain that poor access to the Internet in many States must be bridged urgently to help e-learners.

Discuss the steps being taken by the government in addressing the issue and suggest what more needs to be done.

Conclusion:

Thus the government needs to look at all possibilities and go into overdrive to bridge the digital divide.

 

 Topic : GS-2: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

GS-3: Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.

4. What should be the covid-19 vaccine policy in India to ensure total coverage? Explain. (250 words)

Reference: The Hindu 

Why the question:

The author explains in what way India needs a COVID-19 vaccine policy that ensures total coverage in logical phases.

Key Demand of the question:

Explain what India’s plan should be to ensure full coverage of covid-19 vaccine.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Government officials are working out the details of the plan in consultation with the experts’ group on vaccines headed by Dr VK Paul of Niti Aayog.

Body:

Start by explaining the possible models that India can come up with or adopt to ensure full coverage of vaccine across the length and breadth of the country.

One model could be – free distribution and might be restricted to a few immediate neighbours such as Bangladesh, Afghanistan, and other SAARC countries. Second model entails heavily subsidized vaccines being distributed to poor countries as a part of India’s international obligations. The third model involve In the fifth model, India may offer some countries opportunities to co-produce the two domestic vaccines — a move that could hasten production of these vaccines.es recipient countries purchasing vaccines at the market price but being assured of supply.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic : Major crops-cropping patterns in various parts of the country, – different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers. Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.

5. A technology that works in the lab may fail in fields since real-world success hinges on multiple factors, in the context of the above statement analyse the twisted trajectory of Bt cotton in India. (250 words)

Reference: The Hindu 

Why the question:

The article explains in what way despite finding huge favour in India, the GM crop has only brought modest benefits.

Key Demand of the question:

One must analyse the twisted trajectory of Bt cotton in India, the factors contributing to it and what should be the way forward.

Directive:

Analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Cotton has been woven and used in India since thousands of years. Desi varieties of seeds were used for cultivation, cotton suffers from most of the infestation due to which usage of pesticides and fertilisers  increased, with which the cost of cultivation increased, Rising debts, reducing yields, coupled with insect resistance worsened the plight of farmers.

Body:

Discuss the coming of the Bt cotton in India; In 2002 Bt cotton was introduced to address the plight of farmers, with which the yield almost tripled, framers income increased. However as per the recent report in Natural plants, increase in the yields cannot be solely attributed to Bt cotton seeds, irrigation and fertiliser have played dominant role.

Further the greatest pride of Bt cotton as pest resistant is no longer a truth as we could see with pink worm pest attacks, considering all these points report has concluded that GM crop has brought only short lived and modest benefits.

Report suggest that desi varieties, with pure line varieties, high density planting can give more yield compared to Bt cotton.

Conclusion:

Conclude that thus government instead of entering into further misadventures with Bt Brinjal should look into alternative sustainable agriculture cropping to reap long term benefits.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic : corporate governance.

6. What do you understand by “corporate governance”? How does it become all more important in the present era of liberalization, privatization and globalization? Explain. (250 words)

Reference: shodhganga.inflibnet.ac.in

Why the question:

The question is based on the concept of corporate governance and its importance in the era of liberalization, privatization and globalization.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss in detail the concept of corporate governance relevance applied to today’s times.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

A corporate is a business organization wherein the ownership and management are separate.

Body:

Start by explaining the concept of corporate governance in detail with suitable examples, corporate governance can be understood as the set of all the processes that steer a business corporation towards a specific direction in such a way that interests of all the stakeholders in general and shareholders in particular are not compromised by the management.

Explain the stakeholders involved.

Using examples explain its importance in the era of liberalization, privatization and globalization.

Conclusion:

Suggest way ahead.

 

Topic: Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen’s Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption.

7.  “No responsibility of the government is more fundamental than the responsibility of maintaining the higher standards of ethical behaviour”. Comment. (250 words)

Reference: Ethics, Integrity and aptitude by Lexicon Publications

Why the question:

The question is premised the concept of probity in governance.

Key Demand of the question:

One is expected to explain in detail the quote, its meaning and its relevance as of today in governance.

Directive:

Comment– here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by explaining what you understand by probity in governance.

Body:

Probity means “the quality or condition of having strong moral principles, integrity, good character, honesty, decency”. It is the act of adhering to the highest principles and ideals rather than avoiding corrupt or dishonest conduct. It balances service to the community against the self-interest of individuals.

Explain then why probity is importance according to the quote in question; Probity has been described as a risk management approach ensuring procedural integrity. It is concerned with procedures, processes and systems rather than outcomes. The best probity processes do not however guarantee a Board will be immune from problems or criticism. It requires that Boards act ethically, impartially, honestly and with fairness.

Conclusion:

Conclude with relevance of quote, one can end with suitable example.


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