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Discuss the challenges in a democratic form of governance and suggests ways to strengthen the democratic governance structure in India.

Topic : Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.

1. Discuss the challenges in a democratic form of governance and suggests ways to strengthen the democratic governance structure in India.(250 words)

Reference: The Hindu 

Why the question:

The article brings to us the fact that Strong local governance remains the unfinished agenda to make India’s democracy strong and deep.

Key Demand of the question:

The question is direct and aims to discuss the challenges in a democratic form of governance and suggests ways to strengthen the democratic governance structure in India.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by discussing the challenges in a democratic form of governance.

Body:

Explain one by one, challenges in representative democracies – Money as a factor in elections, Quality of elected representatives, process flaws, multi-party systems etc.

Explain then the fact that ; Given the above-discussed challenges to representative democracy, it is tempting to abandon political parties and parliaments and revert to direct forms of democracy where every decision can be put directly to all citizens to vote on. New Internet technologies could provide relevant tools to make this possible. However, there are challenges with respect to direct democracy as well. If all voters have not understood what is at stake, they cannot decide well and they could be guided by emotions rather than objective facts and figures. Complex issues, where many interests collide, must be resolved by reason, not settled by the numbers.

Conclusion:

Conclude with suitable solutions.