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What are National Parks?

Topics Covered: Conservation related issues.

What are National Parks?

Why in News?

The Assam government has approved the addition of 30.53 sq. km (3,053 hectares) to the 884 sq. km Kaziranga National Park.

 Implications and significance of the move:

  • The latest additions would help provide connectivity to Orang and Nameri National Parks across river Brahmaputra, besides the hills of Karbi Anglong to the south of the park, where the rhino, tiger, deer and other animals take refuge during the floods.

What are National Parks?

They are the areas that are set by the government to conserve the natural environment.”

  • A national park has more restrictions as compared to a wildlife sanctuary.
  • Their boundaries are fixed and defined.
  • The main objective of a national park is to protect the natural environment of the area and biodiversity conservation.

 What is allowed and what is not allowed inside National Parks:

  • Here, no human activity is allowed.
  • Grazing of livestock and private tenurial rights are not permitted here.
  • Species mentioned in the Schedules of the Wildlife Act are not allowed to be hunted or captured.
  • No person shall destroy, remove, or exploit any wildlife from a National Park or destroy or damage the habitat of any wild animal or deprive any wild animal of its habitat within a national park.
  • They cannot be downgraded to the status of a ‘sanctuary’.

Declaration of National Parks:

  • National parks can be declared both by the Central Government and State governments. No alteration of the boundaries of a national park shall be made except on a resolution passed by the State Legislature.


Prelims Link:

  1. Kaziranaga National Park- Important Flora and Fauna.
  2. What is a National Park? Who can declare it?
  3. Difference between a National Park and a Wildlife Sanctuary.
  4. What is not allowed inside National Parks?
  5. About Orang and Nameri National Parks.

Sources: the Hindu.