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Present the case of growing antimicrobial resistance burden in the country.

Topic :Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

4. Present the case of growing antimicrobial resistance burden in the country. (250 words)

Reference: Down to Earth 

Why the question:

The presence of antibiotic-resistant bacteria in street fruit juices being sold in Delhi has been reported by a study published in the 13th issue of the International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health last month. Thus the question.

Key Demand of the question:

One must present in detail the case of growing antimicrobial resistance burden in the country.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

First briefly explain what antibiotic resistance is. Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) threatens the effective prevention and treatment of an ever-increasing range of infections caused by bacteria, parasites, viruses and fungi.

Body:

State some key facts – AMR is an increasingly serious threat to global public health that requires action across all government sectors and society. Without effective antibiotics, the success of major surgery and cancer chemotherapy would be compromised. The cost of health care for patients with resistant infections is higher than care for patients with non-resistant infections due to longer duration of illness, additional tests and use of more expensive drugs.

Explain the factors that are leading to growing resistance. Also discuss why it is antimicrobial resistance a global concern? What accelerates the emergence and spread of antimicrobial resistance?

Conclusion:

Conclude with what needs to be done and suggest suitable solutions.