Print Friendly, PDF & Email

[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 27 August 2020

Click on EACH question to post/upload you answers.

How to Follow Secure Initiative?

How to Self-evaluate your answer? 

INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2020: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

Join IPM to get an assured review of 2 secure answers everyday

 


General Studies – 1


 

Topic : GS-1: Social empowerment

GS-2: Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.

1. Comment on the issue of mandatory menstrual leave also, analyse the design of a new framework for the same in our country. (250 words)

Reference: Hindustan Times 

Why the question:

The article presents to us the idea of Mandatory menstrual leaves and associated pros and cons.

Key Demand of the question:

One has to elaborate in detail on the concept of Mandatory menstrual leaves and associated pros and cons and comment upon the new framework that should be designed for it.

Directive:

Comment– here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Starts by explaining what Menstrual leaves/period leaves are.

Body:

Start by briefing that the recent announcement of paid period leave for female employees by an Indian unicorn has once again thrust the issue of mandatory menstrual leave into the spotlight. Many activists feel that menstrual leave should be a paid leave granted by law, like maternity leave.

Explain nitty-gritties associated with it, present arguments both in favor and against the idea.

Highlight the importance of such an idea applied to Indian context.

Conclusion:

Conclude with its relevance to women empowerment in the country.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic : Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

2. Do you agree that India is falling short of standards of social and distributive justice? And for the trend to be reversed, putting justice back into public discourse should be the priority? Discuss. (250 words)

Reference: The Hindu 

Why the question:

The author presents to us a detailed analysis of the marginalisation of justice in public discourse.

Key Demand of the question:

Explain in what way India is falling short of standards on social and distributive justice. Also discuss the need to recognise the importance of public discourse.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by defining what you understand by social and distributive justice.

Body:

In India it’s a known fact that while self-interest and national glory dominate, concern for distributive justice is rare.

Then explain what is distributive justice and why is it important. The idea of distributive justice requires not only a social condition marked by an absence of love or familiarity, but also the circumstances of justice.

Discuss the associate concepts of Need-based principle and the concept of desert.

Conclusion:

Conclude that the most reasonable egalitarian conceptions of justice try to find a balance between need and desert.

 

Topic : GS-2: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

GS-3: Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

3. Analyse the recently proposed reforms of the centre that intend to create a robust power sector for fuelling post-pandemic economic recovery. (250 words)

Reference: Hindustan Times 

Why the question:

The article explains in what way the proposed reforms reflect the Centre’s intent to create a robust power sector for fuelling post-pandemic economic recovery.

Key Demand of the question:

One must analyse the recently proposed reforms of the centre that intend to create a robust power sector for fuelling post-pandemic economic recovery.

Directive:

Analyze – When asked to analyse, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by stating some key facts related to Indian power sector; India is currently the world’s third-largest producer of electricity with an installed capacity of 371 GW.

Body:

Start by listing the efforts of the government in the recent past in order to fuel the power sector.

Going ahead, rapid growth and urbanisation will drive up the demand for electricity manifold, necessitating a healthy, efficient and consumer-centric power sector. It is in this light that an overhaul of The Electricity Act 2003 has been proposed. Many provisions of the 2003 Act are now archaic, given the sector’s rapid evolution, and this has resulted in several inefficiencies and challenges creeping in, hampering further growth.

Discuss – Discom reforms, draft Electricity Amendment Bill (2020), efforts for transition from fossil fuels to cleaner source such as renewables, atma nirbhar Bharat (self-reliant India) initiative etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude on a positive note and suggest way ahead.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Major crops-cropping patterns in various parts of the country, – different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.

4. Discuss the role that Crop rotation and diversity can play in mitigating the environmental effects of growing just cereals in the country. (250 words)

Reference: The Hindu 

Why the question:

The author in the article discusses the significance of crop rotation and diversity in detail.

Key Demand of the question:

Explain in detail the importance of crop rotation and diversity to Indian agricultural systems.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Crop rotation is the practice of growing a series of different types of crops in the same area across a sequence of growing seasons. It reduces reliance on one set of nutrients, pest and weed pressure, and the probability of developing resistant pest and weeds. Also define what crop diversity implies.

Body:

Present the current status of agriculture system in terms of demand for cereals.

Discuss why is it bad to grow the same crop continuously on a particular land, discuss its impact on sol fertility, ground water levels etc.

Explain what role would crop rotation and crop diversification would play in replenishing the fertility of soil and other aspects of the agriculture.

Present a case study to emphasize on the importance.

Conclusion:

Conclude with importance.

 

Topic : GS-2: Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.

GS-3: Security challenges and their management in border areas – linkages of organized crime with terrorism.

5. Elaborate upon the ongoing Political instability in West Asia and North Africa; also explain in what way is it proving to be a fertile ground for Islamic States (IS) terrorists to operate. (250 words)

Reference: The Hindu 

Why the question:

The article explains the UN counterterrorism chief’s statement to the Security Council on the continuing presence of Islamic State (IS) terrorists in West Asia, Africa and elsewhere is a serious warning to the countries in these regions.

Key Demand of the question:

Explain in detail the political instability in the West Asia and North Africa that are in a way fostering the operations of Islamic State Terrorists in the region.

Directive:

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Discuss first the current context of the question.

Body:

Start by explaining the background of the question. Present the associated concerns in detail.

Explain in detail the Political instability in West Asia and North Africa: Ever since they lost territories, IS fighters withdrew from the front lines and started operating in cells in the deserts, mountains and hinterlands of conflict-ridden countries. Political instability in parts of West Asia and North Africa is allowing the IS space to operate.

Discuss what should be the way forward.

Conclusion:

Conclude that though the IS no longer controls any big city, its rise from a breakaway faction of al-Qaeda in Iraq to one of the world’s most potent terrorist groups should be a lesson for all stakeholders. The IS has its roots in the U.S. invasion of Iraq. It started growing by exploiting the civil war in Syria. The regional governments, as well as their international backers (and rivals), should be mindful of this fact. If they fail to address the regional fault-lines and continue to fight each other, the jihadists could emerge winners once again.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic : Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in-human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics – in private and public relationships. Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of Family society and educational institutions in inculcating values.

6. What is a social sin? Is there any standard definition of it? How can we abstain from social sins? And if we fail to abstain from so called social sins, what would be the consequences? Explain.  (250 words)

Reference: Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude by G Subba Rao and P N Chowdhary

Why the question:

The question is based on the concept of social sin and how one can abstain from committing them.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss the concept of social sin, its consequences and what one should do to abstain from committing social sins.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by defining what a social sin is.

Body:

The social sin applies to every action against justice in interpersonal relationship, committed either by the individual against the community or by the community against the individual.

There is no effective and standard definition of social sin till date which explicitly interprets the wider meaning of the term, however, as per its nature it can be defined as “those actions which are the results of thousands or even millions of different selfish choices by as many different people and thus is collective, an aspect of our society which doesn’t resemble the kingdom of God”.

For abstaining from the social sin, awareness about the sin and its consequences on oneself and society is must. This will help an individual in choosing the right path in life. One can present a case study/example here to substantiate better.

Conclusion:

Conclude that hence people should abstain from involving in social sins.

 

Topic : Case study based question

7. A private school has dismissed a teacher after claiming that she had failed to complete her six-month probationary period to a satisfactory standard. But the actual reason was that she had been suspended from the job after just three months on the grounds of her HIV status. But school does not want to make it as a formal reason for dismissal. She is friend of your wife. She is hesitating in making a formal complaint to competent authority. Your wife informally discussed this with you as you are a District Collector.

She expects something from you but she fears that if matter goes to public it will hurt the sentiment of victim as she herself don’t want to do anything.

Discuss course of action that you will take and justify every steps. (250 words)

Why the question: Case Study based Question.

Key Demand of the question:

The question involves the perspective of social discrimination from the private school members and the ethical dilemma and decision making aspects of the teacher.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Present the details of the case; identify the ethical issues involved and the associated stakeholders.

Body:

HIV related stigma and discrimination is common but the consequences of stigma and discrimination are wide-ranging. Some people are shunned by family, peers and the wider community, while others face poor treatment in healthcare and educational settings, erosion of their an rights, and psychological damage. These all limit access to HIV testing, treatment and other HIV services.

Discuss the possible choices you would have with you as the District collector and the actions you would take in detail. Justify each of your options with suitable backing.

Conclusion:

Conclude with best way forward.


  • Join our Official Telegram Channel HERE for Motivation and Fast Updates
  • Subscribe to our YouTube Channel HERE to watch Motivational and New analysis videos