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What is an oil spill? Discuss and suggest its impact while highlighting the methods through which oil spills can be cleaned.

Topic : Disaster and disaster management.

5. What is an oil spill? Discuss and suggest its impact while highlighting the methods through which oil spills can be cleaned. (250 words)

Reference: bbc.com

Why the question:

India has sent copters and equipment to help Mauritius deal with an oil spill. Thus the question.

Key Demand of the question:

Explain in detail what oil spills are and discuss their impact while also discussing methods through which they can be cleaned.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Define what oil spills are.

Body:

One can start by quoting the recent incidence of oil spill in the Mauritius. Japanese bulk carrier MV Wakashio struck a coral reef off the capital, Port Louis, in July 2020 resulting in an oil spill of over 1,000 tonnes into the Indian Ocean.

Then discuss the concerns of it – It has raised concerns over the ecological damage caused to the region. The accident had taken place near two environmentally protected marine ecosystems and the Blue Bay Marine Park Reserve, which is a wetland of international importance.

Explain how dangerous are oil spills? – Oil spills affect marine life by exposing them to harsh elements and destroying their sources of food and habitat.

According to the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), both birds and mammals can die from hypothermia as a result of oil spills. For instance:

The insulating ability of fur-bearing mammals such as sea otters is destroyed by oil.

It also decreases the water repellency of birds’ feathers, without which they lose their ability to repel cold water.

Then discuss methods and procedures of cleaning oil spills in detail.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.