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What are various urban wastes? What are the different steps involved in solid waste management in municipal areas? Elaborate upon the major problems faced due to urban waste dumping sites.

Topic : Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

4. What are various urban wastes? What are the different steps involved in solid waste management in municipal areas? Elaborate upon the major problems faced due to urban waste dumping sites. (250 words)

Reference: The Print 

Why the question:

The article presents to us the alarming issue of plastic wastes amidst the pandemic.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss what Urban wastes are, what are the different steps involved in solid waste management in municipal areas and what the major problems are at the waste dumping sites of urban areas.

Directive:

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by explaining some key facts like Urban wastes have come up as a major problem as around 62 million tonnes of wastes are generated in India on a monthly basis. Even New Delhi generates more than 100,000 tonnes of waste every day posing environmental and safety hazards.

Body:

Start by explaining different types of urban wastes; Municipal waste that includes household waste, commercial waste, and demolition waste, Hazardous waste that includes industrial waste, biomedical waste, radioactive waste, explosive waste, and electronic waste (e-waste) etc. 

Then move on to explain different steps involved in solid waste management are. Discuss the components of composting, disposal, and waste-to-energy via incineration etc. in detail. 

Thereafter explain major problems faced due to urban waste dumping sites in urban areas.

Conclusion:

Conclude with solutions to address such alarming concerns and problems.