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Given the significance of laborers to urban development, there is a need to address the stark inequalities and make urban spaces in India more socially and financially inclusive. Discuss.

Topic: population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.

1. Given the significance of laborers to urban development, there is a need to address the stark inequalities and make urban spaces in India more socially and financially inclusive. Discuss. (250 words)

Reference: Financial Express 

Why the question:

The question is based on the inclusive urbanisation from topics of GS paper I.

Key Demand of the question:

Discuss in detail the need to address the stark inequalities and make urban spaces in India more socially and financially inclusive through the concept of inclusive urbanisation.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

 Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Define the context of the question; provide some statistical data suggesting the stark inequalities, the plight of laborers in the country.

Body:

Define what you understand by inclusive urbanisation. Suggest its key features. Explain why the concept is more relevant than ever in the context of Indian cities.  

The Covid-19 pandemic has proved that the Indian cities are overburdened and underprepared to provide guaranteed social protection to millions of migrant workers. Due to denial of access to adequate food and nutrition, livelihood, housing and basic amenities like water and sanitation facilities, there has been an exodus of migrant laborers from urban to rural areas.

Further, with over 90% of the population working in the informal economy, the International Labour Organization (ILO) has predicted that as a result of the crisis and subsequent lockdown, about 400 million workers will fall deeper into poverty. Given the significance of these laborers to urban development, there is a need to address the stark inequalities and make urban spaces in India more socially and financially inclusive.

Discuss the issues faced by migrant workers in urban areas.

Conclusion:

Conclude with solutions to address the problem.