Print Friendly, PDF & Email

Explain the mechanism of the monsoon rains in India. Discuss in detail its effect and significance on the economy.

Topic: Salient features of world’s physical geography.

1. Explain the mechanism of the monsoon rains in India. Discuss in detail its effect and significance on the economy. (250 words)

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

The article talks about Monsoon rains in India.

Key Demand of the question:

The question is from the geography perspective of the Monsoons; its mechanism and the effect and significance of it on the economy.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Explain briefly the background of the question.

Body:

The monsoon sets in India in the month of June and that process can sometimes be delayed by as much as a week.

One branch of the monsoon winds starts its journey northwards from Kerala and the other wing, called the Bay of Bengal branch, enters India from the southeast. Both branches eventually converge in the north and usually, this merging and strengthening of the monsoon currents over the mainland take at least until July 15.

Explain with suitable diagrams the entire mechanism.

Define the advantages of it on the economy of the country; given the fact that a large portion of Indian agriculture is still dependent on rainfall for irrigation needs; a good rainfall would encourage higher sowing in the Kharif season and higher production.

A good produce could entail higher disposable income in the hands of the rural people and hence provide an impetus to the whole Indian economy.

Conclusion:

Conclude with importance.