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UN’s High-Level Political Forum

Topics Covered: Environment and conservation related issues.

UN’s High-Level Political Forum

NITI Aayog presents India’s second Voluntary National Review at UN’s High-Level Political Forum.

  • The India VNR 2020 report is titled “Decade of Action: Taking SDGs from Global to Local”.


NITI Aayog has the mandate of overseeing the adoption and monitoring of SDGs at the national and sub-national level.


  • The report is a comprehensive account of the adoption and implementation of the 2030 Agenda in India.
  • Apart from presenting a review of progress on the 17 SDGs, the report discusses the policy and enabling environment, India’s approach to localising SDGs, and strengthening means of implementation.

About the United Nations HLPF:

The establishment of the United Nations High-level Political Forum on Sustainable Development (HLPF) was mandated in 2012 by the outcome document of the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development (Rio+20), “The Future We Want”.

  • The HLPF meets annually in July for eight days under the auspices of the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) of the United Nations.
  • It replaced the Commission on Sustainable Development, which had met annually since 1993.


The HLPF is the main United Nations platform on sustainable development.

It has a central role in the follow-up and review of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development at the global level.

What is Voluntary National Review (VNR)?

VNR is a process through which countries assess and present progress made in achieving the global goals and the pledge to leave no one behind.

The purpose is to present a snapshot of where the country stands in SDG implementation, with a view to help accelerate progress through experience sharing, peer-learning, identifying gaps and good practices, and mobilizing partnerships.

  • The reviews are voluntary and state-led and are aimed at facilitating the sharing of experiences, including successes, challenges and lessons learned.
  • The process of preparation of a country’s VNR provides a platform for partnerships, including through the participation of various relevant stakeholders.


Prelims Link:

  1. When was NITI Aayog established?
  2. What is VNR? Is it voluntary?
  3. Overview of SDGs and important sub goals.
  4. About ECOSOC.
  5. About Rio+20.
  6. What is HLPF?

Sources: pib.