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[Insights Secure – 2020] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 30 March 2020

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INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2020: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

 


General Studies – 1


 

Topic:  Factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India).

1. What are the factors affecting the Localisation of the textile industries in the country, provide for a spatial analysis.(250 words)

Reference: Indian Geography by Majid Hussain

Why this question:

The question is straightforward from the static portions of the GS paper I.

Key demand of the question:

One must bring out the factors affecting the Localisation of the textile industries in the country, provide for a spatial analysis.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly discuss first the factors that contribute to localisation of an industry.

Body:

First chalk out the spread and expanse of textile industries in the country.

Then discuss the variants of textiles available – cotton,silk ,jute etc.

Use a map of India to show and depict the spread spatially.

Analyse the factors responsible in detail.

Conclusion:

Conclude with significance of the Industry and its contribution to the Indian economy.

 

Topic:  Factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India).

2. Examine the factors responsible for large production of corn and Wheat in the North America and compare it with suitable states of India.(250 words)

Reference: Indian Geography by Majid Hussain

Why this question:

The question is about comparing the production of corn and wheat of North America with that of the Indian states.

Key demand of the question:

Explain the factors responsible for large production of corn and Wheat in the North America and provide for a comparison with that of the Indian states.

Directive:

ExamineWhen asked to ‘Examine’, we must look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly set the context of the question with some key facts of production of wheat and corn.

Body:

To start with, explain first the factors contributing to large production – geographical factors, industrial setup, availability of technology etc.

Then move onto discuss the wheat production in the Northern America. State the facts related to wheat production in the Indian states such as those of Punjab UP and others.

Draw a detailed comparison.

Conclusion:

Conclude with importance of production of corn and wheat in general.

 

Topic:  population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.

3. “Disruption in economic activities in urban areas and a national lockdown make the rural India a potential hotspot for the further spread of the outbreak”. Examine. (250 words)

Reference: Indian Express

Why this question:

The article talks about the possible Pandora of events that would get initiated due to the disruption in economic activities in urban areas and a national lockdown in the rural regions of the country.

Key demand of the question:

Explain the impact that the current disruption may have on the rural India and highlight urgency with which the policy makers need to recognise these factors ad take necessary steps in dealing with the upcoming situation not short of a disaster.

Directive:

ExamineWhen asked to ‘Examine’, we must look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly explain the current scenario.

Body:

To start with, explain the significance of protecting rural India as two thirds of lives live in here.

Briefly explain the current situation in the economic activities of the urban areas of the country.

Discuss the impact of the lockdown.

Explain what the challenges specific to rural India are.

Suggest steps/measures to handle the situation.

Conclusion:

Conclude with what should be the way forward, take hints from the article.

 

Topic:  Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.

4. Discuss if we can use the lockdown to remodel social hierarchies in the country. Illustrate with suitable examples.(250 words)

Reference: The Hindu

Why this question:

The article brings out a view of existing social hierarchies and the point of remodeling them amidst the current lockdown situation.

Key demand of the question:

Explain the societal aspects of differentiation existing in our society and discuss critically the need to remodel it.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly explain the ongoing crisis and the impact it is having on the various strata of the society.

Body:

To start with, explain how the crisis affects the rich and poor alike.

Discuss the lack of resources available at the disposal of poor.

Highlight the role played by sanitation workers, local grocer, and the delivery staff to the security guard to the people who run public transport etc.

Explain why we need to remodel our social hierarchies.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic:  Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.

5. Discuss the need for better global governance for pandemics to avert the next crisis while highlighting the failures of the governments and global institutions across the world to contain the corona pandemic initially.(250 words)

Reference: Indian Express

Why this question:

The question is based on the theme of global governance.

Key demand of the question:

One has to bring out the need for better global governance for pandemics to avert the next crisis while highlighting the failures of the governments and global institutions across the world to contain the corona pandemic initially.

Directive:

DiscussThis is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly explain the views of the author with respect to the context of the question.

Body:

Define what you understand by global governance.

Explain the case of COVID-19, discuss the spread, expanse; highlight the factors that lead to the failure of global governance, describe the role played by organisations such as WHO.

Discuss the lacunae.

Suggest what role the policy makers across the world countries. Highlight the need for global governance to be in place to tackle the challenge.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

 

Topic:  Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation. Disaster and disaster management.

6. A unified command is vital for the Government of India to ensure there is clarity, no confusion in handling a catastrophe amidst the COVID-19 outbreak. Explain.(250 words)

Reference: Indian Express

Why this question:

The article brings out the interview transcript of Dr K Sujatha Rao who was at the forefront of the battle against H1N1 in 2009, the last viral epidemic that hit India.

Key demand of the question:

Explain the need for a unified command to overcome the challenge of the COVID-19 outbreak.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly explain the expanse of the current catastrophe.

Body:

There isn’t much to discuss, the aspects of the disease spread needs to be explained first and then the urgency and need to have a unified command control to contain the spread and do away with the disease.

Present the case of Spanish flu and justify your answer by suggesting what needs to be done essentially to overcome the situation.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way ahead.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic:  Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life. Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology. Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, biotechnology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.

7. “The science deficit in our society has raised its ugly head and highlighted the paradox embedded in us”. Do you agree with the statement? Elucidate.(250 words)

Reference: Hindustan Times

Why this question:

The article talks about the significance of scientific temper in the society and its relevance.

Key demand of the question:

Explain the ill effects of science deficit in our society. Discuss what it has led us to and what needs to be done to overcome it.

Directive:

Elucidate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly define scientific temper and its importance.

Body:

  • Explain why there is deficit of scientific temper in our societies.
  • One can quote the response people are giving amidst the covid-19 scare such as reports of stigmatisation, ostracisation and eviction of not just those suspected of infection, but of airline staff who ferried them, and worse, of medical workers etc. that justify the deficit of scieintific thinking and decision making.
  • Discuss the ill-effects it is making on the society.
  • Suggest solutions to address the issue.

Conclusion:

Conclude with need to develop scientific temper among all the people of the society.