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World Tuberculosis Day 2020

Topics Covered: Issues related to health.

World Tuberculosis Day 2020

What to study?

For Prelims: TB- causes, symptoms, effects and treatment, World TB day- significance and theme.

For Mains: TB prevention efforts, challenges ahead and need for coordination.

Context: World Tuberculosis (TB) Day is observed on March 24 to raise public awareness about the devastating health, social and economic consequences of TB, and to step up efforts to end the global TB epidemic.

The date marks the day in 1882 when Dr Robert Koch announced that he had discovered the bacterium that causes TB, which opened the way towards diagnosing and curing this disease.

The theme of World TB Day 2020 is “It’s TIME”.

What is TB?

  • TB is an infectious disease caused by the bacillus Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
  • It typically affects the lungs (pulmonary TB) but can also affect other sites.
  • The disease is spread when people who are sick with pulmonary TB expel bacteria into the air, for example by coughing.
  • Diagnostic tests for TB disease include – Rapid molecular test, Sputum smear microscopy, Culture-based methods
  • Without treatment, the mortality rate from TB is high.

Some facts on TB:

  1. TB remains the world’s deadliest infectious killer. Each day, over 4000 people lose their lives to TB and close to 30,000 people fall ill with this preventable and curable disease.
  2. The World Health Organization (WHO) has launched a joint initiative “Find. Treat. All. #EndTB”with the Global Fund and Stop TB Partnership, with the aim of accelerating the TB response and ensuring access to care, in line with WHO’s overall drive towards Universal Health Coverage. 
  3. WHO has published a global TB report every year since 1997.

Initiatives in India:

  1. TB treatment is free in India.
  2. India aims to eliminate TB by 2025. UN aims to eliminate TB by 2030.
  3. Mass BCG vaccination to prevent TB.
  4. In 1993, the Revised National TB Control Programme (RNTCP) was launched, offering free diagnosis and treatment for patients, rescuing them from otherwise sure death.
  5. Rs 12,000 cr fund to fight TB over the next 3 years.
  6. TB Harega Desh Jeetega campaign.

Insta Link:

Prelims Link:

  1. Diseases caused by Virus vs Bacteria vs fungi.
  2. TB- spread and treatment.
  3. Initiatives aimed at TB in India and the world.
  4. Highlights of Global TB report wrt India.

Mains Link:

Discuss the challenges faced by India in eradicating Tuberculosis.

Sources: pib.