Print Friendly, PDF & Email

Elucidate upon the need for renewed multilateralism in the face of the cross-national and cross-domain nature of challenges confronting the world.

Topic:  Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.

5.  Elucidate upon the need for renewed multilateralism in the face of the cross-national and cross-domain nature of challenges confronting the world. (250 words)

Reference: The Hindu

Why this question:

The article argues for the need for renewed multilateralism in the face of the cross-national and cross-domain nature of challenges confronting the world and the need for India to play the leadership role in such an endeavor. Thus the question.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss how in the present world amidst rising tendencies of protectionism need has aroused for the countries to renew the idea of multilateralism.

Directive:

Elucidate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly discuss the challenges before the world.

Body:

Take the example of the current COVID-19 pandemic that brings to light the nature of challenges that the world has been facing and is bound to face in the coming future.

The challenges would be mostly cross-national in character. They would not be bound to one region or country, neither being limited to national boundaries nor being controllable by national solutions. The world is increasingly becoming more inter-connected, inter-related and also interdependent.

In the case of climate change, though there are differences in the intensity of effect on different countries, it is a global problem. Though the major contributors of the greenhouse gas emissions have been the developed countries, climate change would impact even the underdeveloped and developing countries.

Similarly in the case of poverty, though poverty is often considered as a local or regional issue, it also manifests itself in the form of increased migration and in some cases breeding ground for extremism. Thus poverty is also cross national in character.

Suggest what measures need to be taken to address the issues.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward that there is the need to move away from nationalistic urges and embrace the logic of international cooperation through revived and strengthened multilateral institutions and processes.