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What are the major causes of Man – wildlife conflicts? What are the ways to prevent human animal conflicts? Explain.

Topic:   Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

4. What are the major causes of Man – wildlife conflicts? What are the ways to prevent human animal conflicts? Explain. (250 words)

Reference: Indian Express

Why this question:

The article highlights the fact that Mitigating human-wildlife conflict must factor in incentives for local communities and presents a detailed case of Man-animal conflicts in the country.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss in detail the major causes of Man –animal conflicts and the measures/methods to prevent.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly explain what constitute Man-Animal conflicts.

Body:

Briefly discuss human-wildlife conflict and its impact. Present the case of India. Discuss – human population growth and expansion, habitat degradation and fragmentation, land use transformation and increasing densities of livestock grazing in protected areas are considered as major causes of man-carnivore conflicts. Suggest ways to prevent them; take cues from the article and list down solutions.

Conclusion:

Conclude that inclusive development with a long-term vision that cares for the environment is the best way forward.