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Discuss the concept of Data localization envisioned by the Personal Data Protection (PDP) Bill, 2019. What are the concerns associated with operationalizing data localization in India? Explain.

Topic:  Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges

3. Discuss the concept of Data localization envisioned by the Personal Data Protection (PDP) Bill, 2019. What are the concerns associated with operationalizing data localization in India? Explain. (250 words)

Reference:  The Hindu

Why this question:

The article discusses why the issue of data localization is important for a country and the issues with the policies related to data localization. Such issues have become important, because of the debates raised by Srikrishna committee. The article would help us prepare the issue of data localisation which has been an issue of debate.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the significance

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly explain

Body:

  • Bring out the reasons why data localization is important – security, data as a resource, socio economic benefits. The reasons have to be brought out in detail. Mention that Data has often been referred to as the new oil, an economic resource that is fuelling the fourth industrial revolution.

  • Thereafter, we need to analyse the policies related to data localisation. Mention that like in many other countries, the political narrative in India also seems to be tilting towards data localisation.

  • Highlight the Indian policies related to data localisation.

  • Discuss the rationale behind them and also analyze whether they help in furtherance of the objective of data localization. Also mention Srikrishna committee recommendations related to data localisation.

  • Explain the issues associated in detail and ways to overcome them.

Conclusion:

Give your view on the present policies related to data localisation and suggest way forward.