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One in every three adolescents in the country is exposed to the Internet are victims of one or the other forms of online abuse, why is the issue? Explain and list out strategies on prevention, reporting and redressal of the same.

Topic:  Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security

3. One in every three adolescents in the country is exposed to the Internet are victims of one or the other forms of online abuse, why is the issue? Explain and list out strategies on prevention, reporting and redressal of the same. (250 words)

 Reference:  The Hindu

Why this question:

In an attempt to assess the pattern of Internet use and online safety, an NGO — Child Rights and You (CRY) — conducted a survey in collaboration with Forum for Learning and Action with Innovation and Rigour (FLAIR). Hence the question.

Key demand of the question:

The answer must discuss the reasons for rising online abuse with special focus on adolescents and list down strategies on prevention, reporting and redressal of it.

Directive:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly explain what constitutes online abuse.

Body:

Start with the facts and findings of the report –

  • One in every three adolescents exposed to the Internet are victims of cyber bullying and other forms of online abuse and nearly half of the users display some level of addiction.
  • Adolescents had easy access to the Internet with 93% of them using it in their homes. There was a clear gender disparity in access to personal devices with 60% boys and 40% girls owning a device.
  • Thirty percent of adolescents had a negative experience online.
  • Lack of awareness among the students on the Internet safety guidelines developed by the NCERT with only 30% respondents being familiar with them etc.

Discuss the causative factors underlying the issue. Suggest recommendations as to what needs to be done? –build  familiarity with Internet safety rules and the skill to use them for reporting to be built into the school curriculum as well as the need to modify the Central government’s child protection scheme to build infrastructure to deal with cybercrimes against children. Press for schools to recognise an increase in online crimes against children and develop strategies on prevention, reporting and redressal etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.

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